Ningbo is located in the middle of China's coastline and the south of Yangtze river delta. Zhoushan archipelago is a natural barrier in the east, hangzhou bay in the north, shengzhou, xinchang and shangyu in the west, sanmen bay in the south, and sanmen and tiantai in taizhou. The unique geographical conditions bring advantages to the development of the port and promote the urban development and economic construction of ningbo. With a rich cultural heritage and a long history and culture, ningbo is a typical water town and harbor city in the south of the Yangtze river.
Ningbo city space form historical evolution
The city space form can be divided into the following four stages, stage of formation of dot before Ming and qing dynasty, the republic of China formed when massive urban morphology, discontinuous group form groups form after 1985, the 90 s after the formation of the group T strip form.
The construction and development of ancient cities in ningbo
The time when primitive human beings lived and multiplied in ningbo can be traced back to hemudu culture 7,000 years ago. The hemudu clan, discovered in yuyao, is the earliest known inhabitant of ningbo.
Ningbo has a written history that can be traced back to the xia dynasty more than 1000 years ago. According to the book, "in summer there was the kingdom of pansy, named after mount chansy ... Jiayi is Yin, the earliest name of ningbo, so it can be seen that ningbo had already appeared at that time.
After qin shi huang unified China, three rivers and their tributaries in yong river and yaojiang river basin as the natural dividing line, set the yuyao, other chapter, Yin, Yun four county, belongs to the records of the county, the county constitutes the ningbo city of today.
Before the tang dynasty, the administrative region of ningbo changed repeatedly, but never formed a complete concept. In the first year of tang changqing, the state moved from a small stream to the mouth of sanjiang river and built a sub-city (inner city ), which laid a foundation for the development of ningbo city for more than one thousand years and marked the beginning of ningbo city construction. According to the records, the earliest city wall in the center of ningbo city was built by liu Lao in the fourth year of longan in the eastern jin dynasty. Before the Ming and qing dynasties, ningbo, as an inland port city, had a very small scale and a small shape.
In the 14th year of Ming hongwu, in order to avoid the national name, zhu yuanzhang adopted the advice of Yin county scholar shan zhongyou. The name of ningbo is still used today.
Ningbo modern city construction and development
ningbo port city in zhejiang province to modern by modern capitalism is an important port city, port of ningbo city's economic development plays the effect that cannot replace, now is China's first port cargo throughput of ningbo port.
In 1844, ningbo officially opened its port, and the urban dot shape gradually grew into a block town. In the early years of the republic of China, the old city wall was dismantled, and the urban spatial form developed further and evolved into a star . From then until 1970, the urban space form was basically a single centralized pattern inherited from the republic of China.
In 1983, ningbo abolished the special bureau and implemented the system of municipal and county management. Along with the development and construction of deep water harbor beilun, ningbo gradually from the inland cities to port city evolution, sanjiang, zhenhai pills, beilun relatively independent binhai riverfront landscape spatial pattern development. In 1986, ningbo was listed as the second batch of famous historical and cultural cities in China. In the late 1980s, the development of beilun port of lianggang in deep water marked the evolution of ningbo port into a comprehensive port integrating inland river port, estuary port and harbor.