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Tang Zhongshan: The Tibetan Culture of Ningbo Qianzhuang Culture 2013-07-08

 

Guangxu’s financial drafts for the first time, the God of Wealth, heads up (heads up). Do you know the origins of the old saying that “going around the world, not as good as Ningbo Jiangsha”? It describes how the prosperity of Jiangxi Jiangxia Street in the past year? Although there are many versions about it, in the eyes of Ningbo Zangyou Tang Zhongshan, this must contain a key term—Ningbo Qianzhuangye. Ningbo is one of the birthplaces of China's money houses. In the hundred years after Qing Emperor Qianlong's fifteenth year (1750), Ningbo Qianzhuang reached its peak. Most of the money houses were opened in Jiangxia Street, so Jiangxia Street is also known as "Qianxing Street". How many houses are there in the street along the street? There is such a description in Guangxu's "Zixian County": "The merchants of the city, the city is more and more wide... The riverside houses are all money (ie, Qianzhuang)." It is said that the money house on Qianxing Street was a safety measure. No window, it becomes a unique scene in Ningbo downtown. And the old saying that Ningbo people have a household name "going around the world, not as good as Ningbo Jiangsha" refers to the prosperity of the development of commercial and Qianzhuang industry in Ningbo Jiangxia Street. Mr. Tang, who is over 60 years old, is a senior collector of the Ningbo Coin Society. His 30 years of banking experience has made him particularly interested in the development history of Ningbo Qianzhuang. In his view, those cold money bills, seals, signs, photos, all reflect and record the precious collection of Ningbo Qianzhuang industry development, telling the story of the past Qiancheng Qianzhuang one by one. Mr. Tang has been collecting Ningbo Qianzhuangye collections for more than 20 years. In his spare time, he always loves to go to the antique market such as Fanzhai. Other experts are looking for traces of precious antiques, but he has a unique eye for cheques. , bills of exchange, passbooks, and a piece of yellow bills are the treasures in his eyes. Over the years, it has been easy to accumulate dozens of collections. Although the figures are not large, it provides a strong evidence for his study of the history and development trajectory of Ningbo Qianzhuangye. According to Mr. Tang, Ningbo Qianzhuang has a long history and was one of the most important financial institutions in China during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Its scale and strength are comparable to the famous Shanxi ticket number (the name of the northern bank). It is commonly known as “there is a ticket number in the north and a bank in the south”. Because the Shanxi ticket number mainly relied on the support of the Qing government, it quickly fell after the end of the Qing Dynasty, and Ningbo Qianzhuang showed its strong vitality. Until the Republic of China, the strength and scale of some Ningbo Banks in Shanghai were several Banks and foreign banks have a fight. Later, after several financial crises, it was not until the war of resistance. By the early 1950s, the Qianzhuang had changed to a public-private partnership, and some closed down. The history of Ningbo Qianzhuangye officially ended. According to historical records, the rise of Ningbo Qianzhuang began in the middle of the Ming Dynasty. Since the Southern Song Dynasty moved to Lin'an (now Hangzhou), Ningbo businessmen have done business in various parts of the country and gradually formed a strong Ningbo business group. During the Wanli Period of Ming Dynasty, Ningbo has become a bustling city on the southeast coast. With the development of the commodity economy, the financial institution that serves the industrial and commercial enterprises, Qian Zhuangye came into being. At that time, the business scope of Qianzhuang mainly included: the evaluation and exchange of silver two, the exchange of silver, the exchange of silver and money, the custody, transportation, exchange and payment of silver money. Later, with the expansion of business, Ningbo businessmen have opened money houses all over the country. For example, there are famous “Four Greatest”s in Beijing, namely Hengli, Hengxing, Henghe and Hengyuan. In particular, Hengli Qianzhuang has the strongest strength and is closely related to the Qing government at that time. It is a library outside the Qing court and has been in Beijing for more than 200 years. In addition, in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, Ningbo Qianzhuang also occupied half of the Shanghai Qianzhuang industry. Lijia, Yejia, Qinjia, Fangjia of Zhenhai, Ningbo, and Cixi Dongjia went to Shanghai to open Qianzhuang. At that time, Shanghai Nine Banks were occupied by Ningbo people. Mr. Tang said that the reason why Ningbo Qianzhuang can grow and flourish all over the country is not unrelated to its unique management. Ningbo Qianzhuang has more business dealings with businessmen, and it is flexible in business and serves the purpose of serving business. The service is free of time and can be handled in the morning and evening. At that time, Qianzhuang had its own “running street”, which was a bookkeeper, and often served for those loans, loans, and other services. Mr. Tang showed his reporters several precious collections. One of them is the financial draft of Guangxu's new year (1883), written in yellow edging paper, which is the original of the draft. Tickets from right to left straight book: "Tianzi No. 9 pick up, pray that the exchange of Ying Yang pick up Yuanzheng, this is on the Longshun Zhuang Zhaofu, 癸 叁 叁 廿 廿 。 。 。 。 ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” Square "Mao Xing Books" chapter. The ticket issuer is the "Maoxing" trade name. According to the investigation, the Maoxing No. was the firm that operated the wood industry in Zhenhai at that time, and the money house for the money was Longshun Qianzhuang. It should be a bank outside the town of Zhenhai. The draft was a foreign exchange bill. Mr. Tang said that the financial bills in the Qing Dynasty were now kept less, because the original money house was cautious, and all the bills would be destroyed and cleaned before closing. In addition, he also has some horn stamps used by the Qianzhuang and the Republic of China in the Qing Dynasty. For example, the heads of the heads (heads up), the chapters of riding the seals, the chapters of the essays, and the chapters of the Tiangandi branch, each of which is engraved with fine pieces. Patterns such as calligraphy and painting, Meilan bamboo and chrysanthemum, pavilions and pavilions, etc., apply the ancient Chinese seal and engraving art to the distribution and practicality of money and money, which is the first in China. One of them is head-to-head (head-up), and the picture of the god of wealth, which is greeted with joy, is held by the God of Wealth with the placard of “Xinyi Trading”, which highlights the purpose and position of Qianzhuang to do business with integrity. Mr. Tang said that Ningbo Qianzhuang has always been among the best in the development of financial business across the country, and the funds have been demolished. It is known as the “multi-single terminal”, “credit terminal” and “posting terminal”. “Multi-single terminal” refers to the number of people who go to Ningbo to do business outside. Every year, the money from the outside is more, so it is called “multi-single terminal”; “credit terminal” refers to the credit of Ningbo Qianzhuang. Regardless of size or business, credit is placed first. Even if the operating loss is incurred, the depositor will pay the full amount. The “posting terminal” refers to the posting system, which is also the biggest feature of Ningbo Qianzhuangye, a bill trading system that is similar to modern account opening and settlement. This kind of trading system seems to be common sense today. Which company does not open an account in a bank? But 200 years ago, it was a remarkable innovation, and it was the earliest settlement system in China's financial industry. Mr. Tang finally said that at present, the Qianzhuang ticket of Ningbo Qianzhuang in the early days, including the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, is very rare. This is not very commensurate with the history of Qianzhuang in Ningbo history. Collecting these bills and historical materials is to let future generations remember history. Remember the once brilliant and honest business of Ningbo Qianzhuang. Living in Ningbo, do you have a unique collection of lifelong hobbies, and have already gained a lot of money, is a must, are you willing to introduce your collection experience and the story behind the collection? May wish to contact us, your story we are willing to listen. (Please inform the contents of the mail, the corresponding scale and your contact information) Contact: sat@cnnb. Com. Cn