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People and water, five hundred years to keep together - the life password of Qiantong Ancient Town 2013-07-23


Core Tip: A prosperous family that has lasted for more than 700 years, a wonderful time of 500 years of loyalty, a relationship between people and water that has never been cut, we use the most real cases, the simplest stories, the most delicate descriptions, The most urgent humanistic ideals of today. I hope you will realize that one will be one. Here, the bridge is flowing, and the winding path is quiet. Time, quietly flowing, no traces. Here, every family has carved beams, and every household has living water. Life, gentle and leisurely, no hurry. Ninghai in the east of Zhejiang Province, Zheng Lianya, a former Tongcun village in Qiantong Town, stood at the edge of Yingying Water and introduced her hometown to countless times: Former Child, an extraordinary original residence of the Jiangnan Ming and Qing Dynasties, a rustic painting with a strong ancient charm, A beautiful piece of Jiangnan silk bamboo tune. It was built in the late Song Dynasty and flourished in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There are nine children from the same lineage in the village. They have proliferated to this day and are endless. If she asks why the family of the surname of the child has prospered so far, she will proudly raise her mouth and take you to see the water system of the ditch all over the village - "Water Gossip". Five hundred years ago, the ancestors of the family called the Baixi outside the village, not only for agricultural irrigation, but also for the open channel before and after the house, with a small bridge connecting the slate. As a result, every resident can enjoy the clear stream near their doorstep. The clear water in the channel is like a jade belt walking through the village, nourishing the former children of generations. In the midsummer season, we came to Qiantong Ancient Town and followed the twists and turns of the water system to find the answers of the people's waters in harmony for five hundred years. The villagers told us that even if they lost their way in the village, they don’t need to be nervous. Because they go upstream, they can go to the village. (Exploration point: 06:00 in the morning, Union Village) The hot steam floated out of the barrel, and the stove was filled with beans. The day of Tong Juqing, accompanied by a misty picture, kicked off. For more than 30 years, the 67-year-old woman has to get up at two or three o'clock every day, grinding her beans with her husband, cooking soy milk, ordering brine, and making tofu. The blue-gray day lit up a little, and Tong Juqing condensed the hard work of one night in the white bean curd, and went out to drink, and the day of the ancient town began. Measuring the ancient town along her footsteps, the narrow river passes through the ancient town, bypassing the old house, and winding the backbone of the ancient town. In the Xiaguang, the mottled powder wall is sturdy, and the staggered stone bridge is hard and old. The stone steps of the hoe are extended from the lower level of the floor, and the women wash on the hoe, talking and laughing. "It's good to say that the water is good, and the tofu is good." With a good water to maintain a livelihood, Tong Juqing's faint smile tells the pride of the former child to the living water at the doorstep, full of historical picture. Former children's ancient town came from the end of the Song Dynasty, and it took more than 700 years to reproduce the Ming and Qing houses surrounded by the canal. As the building expands together, it is a huge family of children. There are many famous people in this family, and a poster in the middle of the hall is still faintly identifiable. "Everyone says that people live by water and build water. But the water of the former child is not born." In the day, the elderly Tong Fuzhen spent most of the day sitting on the stone steps of the water and chatting with tourists. The history of the ancient town. As a former storyteller, those history are spoken in his mouth, lifelike. The former child is surrounded by mountains on three sides, Baixi on the south, and Lianghuangxi on the north. The water and the water are fast, and the drought and flood are often inevitable. In the three years of Ming Zhengde (1508), the former child suffered from a drought, the rice fields were short of water, the crops died, and the villagers were anxious. The twelfth generation of the ancestors of the ancestors, the famous monk, is the "Bai Shi Tong" in the Tong family. He took out all his savings and presided over a water conservancy project called "Yangliu Hongyu". "There are records in the family tree." Tong Fuzhen opened the "Children's Genealogy" and read it in a dialect. "Under the Yangliu Hongxitan, he smashed the giant scorpion to lead the flood. The 砩通洫,洫通浍,千枝Wanpai, coming from the source, does not have to suffer from the sorrow, and the scorpion has become a sturdy one.” Baixi is the largest stream in Ninghai. The brook flows through the former children, and the water from 65 streams gathers here. Deep and anxious. It is said that the nursery rhymes have repeatedly followed the river to explore, and finally chose to open the canal in the 4th of the village west of the village, and cleverly designed the "water gossip": centering on the Tong's Ancestral Hall, all the houses and farmland in the village are divided into eight The sections represent eight gongs such as Gan, Kun, Zhen and Yi, and all of them are run by a red line. This is the canal that passes through Yangliu Hongyu for more than five miles. More than one water, not only solves the irrigation of more than 3,000 acres of farmland, but also has live water in front of each door. The pebbles in Baixi are also used to pave the way to build the natural charm of the ancient village. "Yu Gong is a capable person. He uses a long rope as a measuring tool. He divides the project into ten sections. Each section is marked with a knot. In order to benefit the land, every 300 stones (about 150 mu today) is divided into a 'knot'. Willingly, do not care about each other; then, with the name of Ming, convene everyone to work; and use the number of faces to increase the number of times every day, indicating the progress of the project, urging morale. Such as the first day, the second day, in order, in order Increase, how many faces of the copper plaque, indicating how many days the project has been carried out, the natural sound will be louder, the morale will rise higher! The later intangible cultural heritage - the former children's guild, was first to celebrate the cultivation of the canal." From the story of the nursery rhyme, the 80-year-old Tong Fuzhen was full of energy and loud, and penetrated the entire lane. And the implicature of history and today is in the water of this side. (Exploration point: 14:00 in the afternoon, Lushan Road) A pool of living water at the entrance of the house is the family wealth that the former children are proud of, and it is the source of life for the former children. "噌噌噌", 35-year-old woodcarver master Wang Rongfa sat on the edge of the water and grinded the knife. From time to time, a glass of water splashed from the canal. Under the friction of the water, the blade became sharper. The task at hand is to paint and engrave a batch of wood boards. "The 170 small wooden signs are ordered by the restaurants in Ningbo." The former children's handicraft industry has a long history and has the reputation of "the hometown of five craftsmen". After the ancient town developed tourism, the craftsman stayed at home and gradually became a landscape. "Working by the water, the picture is cool." Followed by Wang Rongfa's working canal extension, in the facade of No. 193 Lushan Road, the 36-year-old Tong Xuejiao looked at his 4-month-old son while looking at his own souvenir shop. . The shop is located at the intersection of Huaqiao Road and Lushan Road, the main thoroughfare, so the canal in front of Tong Xuejiao is the widest section in the village. “Look at how clean our water is! Although we have tap water, rice, washing vegetables, washing clothes, or getting used to going to the river. The former children can’t live without this pool of water. There are more than 10,000 people in the ancient town. Who is not here? In the past few days, because of the construction interception, I broke the water for a day, I am not used to it.” Tong Xuejiao took a simple hairpin, talked about it and said it was crisp and neat, still can not ask questions, take the initiative to pat the chest for this Pool water "endorsement". "Washing, it's too convenient." During the conversation, Tong Xuejiao walked down the hoe with bare feet and stood in the water to pick up the diaper for her son. A piece of white cloth, put on a little soap, swayed in the water for a few times, it was clean, turned and walked into the patio to dry up, the whole process was no more than 3 minutes. The washing machine in the house is covered with a layer of ash. Tong Xuejiao said that this huge monster will only be used when washing heavy clothes in winter. “The village regulations are very clear: in the morning, people in the upper reaches can't wash the toilet. For more than 500 years, no one is destroyed.” What about domestic sewage? We ask questions. "Washing the feet of the water as fertilizer, the water for washing the dishes is taken to feed the pigs." "The excrement of the pigs before, they must be collected and turned into organic fertilizer in the field." Tong Fujing, a 53-year-old Tongcun, also said: "When I was young The water coming up from the canal can be drunk directly!” The current canal is still clear, but most of the drinking water comes from wells. The former child has more than 100 household water wells and more than ten public water wells. The wells are equipped with kerb rings and washing tanks, surrounded by slate for convenient hygiene. "Not only solved the need for domestic water, but this pool of water has helped us to grow a lot of land." Tong Xuejiao's home has more than 1 mu of land, planted with rice and vegetables, "used washing water, and finally flow outside the village." Going to the field. If the water is enough, use a little bit of sand to plug the nozzle, just like turning off the valve, it is very simple.” Ming Dynasty Daru Fang Xiaoyu used to explain the water use of the former boy when he was teaching in the former boy “Shi Jing Jing She”. I was amazed and made the word "Tian Jiale". "Humanity Tianjia tastes thin, I am the most joyful of Tianjiajia... Tianjiazhi can be praised, who is happy like Tianjia!" Tong Xuejiao opposite the house, a high horse head wall, with "small bridge flowing water", " The path of the clear stream is "large." Like a powerful seal, it proves the inseparable relationship between the former child and the water. (Exploration point: 19:00 in the evening, Huaqiao Street) During the 700 years of building the village, the residents passed by word of mouth, leaving a lot of stories, one brick and one watt, one pool and one water, all have temperature. The sky is getting darker, but the former child has ushered in the most lively time of the day. A group of little boys wearing only crotch jumped into the canals and took up the water guns to fight, and the 10-year-old Tong Jia Shen Chong was at the forefront. The summer vacation is coming, and the children who usually study in the county town return to the village to play with the familiar friends. The retention project for the leeches is to catch fish. These children who grew up in the canals are quite experienced. In the cracks of the cobblestones on the soles of the feet, on the side of the rock wall, they are passing by, and they are wild white fish, squid, scutellaria, mud snails... gain something. The 12-year-old Tong Dezhen supported the easel from the bridge, and everything in front of him became the middle of his painting. As he squinted his head and changed his mind, he thought about it and he would go into the water after a while. Beside him, the parents lined up to talk about the sky while waiting for the watermelon in the water to cool. This is the case, even in the current season of such high temperature and dry days, the water in the canal of the former Tongcun Village is still flowing, and the children are playing here, and the village women are dressed here. "No garbage or sewage is allowed; once the masses are cleaned once a month; obstacles are found to be cleaned up in time..." said Tong Quancan, 75-year-old deputy secretary of the village party branch, saying that the secret of letting the water channel "forever youth" lies in scientific management. the way. As early as the nursery rhyme drilled the canal, the villagers were divided into 10 groups according to the field. One group was responsible for the management of the canal for one year, and the funds were derived from the income of Gongtian. Every year, every group must participate, and the specific water section is determined by the arrest, fair and reasonable, and collective participation. This method has been used until the 1950s. Later, in order to facilitate management, Qiantong Village was divided into five administrative villages, and the management of the canal fell to the party branch. "The water does not rot, let the water flow, does not block, does not pollute, it is always clean." When the 15-year-old branch secretary, Tong Jincan felt that he did not disgrace the mission, "the most critical control port is the valve, the village has a special manager." According to the time of day to open and close the valve, the canal never crossed the street." Because of natural disasters, the passage of the canal was blocked and destroyed. Occasionally, every time, everyone's concerted efforts were successfully rebuilt. “The most recent rehabilitation was in 1988. Due to the '730' catastrophic flood, the dam broke the embankment and the canals were flooded. The village organized more than a thousand labors, changed the water channel from the bend, and sealed it with cement and rock. In the past, the problem of leakage caused by cobblestone alone.” Tong Jincan said, “Before the children are all family members, whenever you have the money to make a strong contribution, everyone will do their best.” The descendants enjoyed the cold. The former children benefited from the clear water left by the ancestors of this channel, and should take the road of ecological sustainable development!” Right now, the renovation project of Baixi and Lianghuangxi has kicked off, a forest landscape and water The Yangtze River Delta eco-tourism town, which combines landscape and human landscape, has begun to take shape. In the eyes of Feng Jianyou, deputy mayor of Qiantong Town, the former child has already taken the road. This road, like the flowing water of the former children, can go longer and further.