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37 years, guarding the cultural treasures of Zhangzhou - the first amateur cultural security team in China 2013-08-29

 

This is a national second-class precious cultural relic - the "Clay Celadon Chicken Head Pot" of Yue Kiln Celadon. The body is green and yellow glaze. The shape is simple and simple, which is of great value for studying the social life of the Sui Dynasty. Today, this cultural relic is on display at the Ningbo (Zhangzhou) Museum. The donation of this cultural relic is an amateur cultural insured named Xu Shuidao in Dongqiao, our district. In Zhangzhou, there are 258 petitioners like Xushuidao. This team was established in 1976 and opened the country's first river. It has become a solid force in the field protection of the field. In July of this year, the team won the sixth "Fire and Fire - China Cultural Heritage Protection Annual Outstanding Team" award. Shang Zhou Stoneware, Warring States Pottery, Han Dynasty Bronze Mirror, Western Jinshui Shui, Tang Dynasty Porcelain, Northern Song Dynasty, and Yuan Dynasty Copper... These are not collections in museums, but a list of items handed over by Xu Shuidao. Of the more than 500 pieces, 61 were identified as cultural relics and 12 were precious cultural relics. The 83-year-old Xu Shuidao, who is small and thin, has been carrying sacks or woven bags for more than 40 years. He has buried Taobao in river beaches, brick factories, construction sites and ruins, and has become a familiar landscape in the eyes of the villagers. Zhuang Genzhao, 67, is the son-in-law of Xu Shuidao and the representative of amateurs in the mid-to-late 1980s. He took this road and was completely influenced by his father-in-law. At that time, Zhuang Genyu was filled with the words of the obligation to protect cultural relics as soon as he reached the home of the quasi-father. "At that time, the Nantang River was rectified, and the father-in-law collected the cultural relics in a crazy way. When he heard that someone had dug a bronze mirror in the river, he ran quickly; someone found a one-legged porcelain bottle in the river, and he went again. He came to the city by boat. Halfway, I heard that an old lady’s bottle of water was like an antiquities. He quickly called the boat to the beach and tried every means to find the old lady. He said that he wanted to come over...” Zhuang Genzhen remembers that he and his father-in-law I used to take a large half-day steamboat, from the Dongqiao to the South Gate, and then I took a tricycle and rushed to the former Yuxian County Cultural Management Office in Jiangdong. Sometimes I took the epitaph in the car and sometimes carried the sacks filled with items with my father-in-law. After each handing over valuable items, the two are always relaxed. One year, when the village built brick and tile factories, some villagers dug up a large pot of coins from the Han Dynasty. Xu Shuidao and Zhuang Genyu went to work again and again, mobilizing the villagers to turn in, but they were all brought back. Xu Shuidao did not give up, went to the office of the document management office to go there, several times, and finally said that he moved the other party. The home of Xu Shuidao is filled with all kinds of old and old items. This is what he collects everywhere. After the experts have no collection value, he still leaves it. He told the people at the door that as long as the cultural relics department wanted it, he could take it at any time. Last Thursday, the 81-year-old Zhuo Qigen rushed from the Hengxi home to the District Wenguan Office, holding a few pieces in his hand and was identified as the wood carving "Golden Seal" of the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. This is the old-time gift of the dear, engraving the exquisite Fu Lushou, Kirin to send the child, the champion and the first auspicious patterns, is Zhuo Qigen's own ancestral things. "I haven’t handed in cultural relics for a few days, and my heart will be empty," he said. As the first generation of amateur cultural insurers, Zhuo Qigen and Xu Shuidao are addicted to the submission of cultural relics. In the 1970s, when Hengxi built a reservoir, he worked in the glass fiber factory canteen and ran to the construction site to see if he had dug up any baby, and then used his own money to buy cigarettes, and workers. Change the pots and pots that are dug out. After these babies were taken home by him, he was cleaned and often enjoyed playing. When the staff of the cultural relics department came to the door, Zhuo Qigen did not hesitate to hand in all. Later, he searched around like an addiction. The village went door-to-door and was “swept” by him. He really had nothing to pay. He handed his own collection to the document management office, including the Tang Dynasty porcelain powder box. Wait for three levels of cultural relics. Up to now, among the various items that the amateur cultural insured members have handed over, more than 700 pieces of cultural relics have been identified by the National Cultural Relics Appraisal Committee, including 40 precious cultural relics, 2 second-class cultural relics, and 38 third-class cultural relics. "They are not afraid of hardships, not afraid of ridicule, and are not tempted by the precious cultural relics in their hands." Xie Guoqi, director of the District Administration Office, commented. At the beginning of 1982, the second national cultural relics survey in Pixian County was carried out. The cadre of the document management office and the amateur cultural security staff, riding bicycles every day, carrying daily necessities, taking the hot summer, the top cold wind, looking for mountains and rivers, exploring wilderness, carried out arduous field investigations and records. The traffic at that time was very backward, especially in the mountainous areas. The mountain roads were rugged. The amateur cultural security staff squeezed out the time, brought their own dry food and tea, and led the staff of the Wenguan Office to walk through the mountain roads, walking almost ten kilometers a day. In this census, it became a national key cultural relics protection unit in the Tang Dynasty. At the time of the exploration into the valley, the stone carvings of the Dongqian Lake tombs such as Shi Yan, Shi Yi, Ye Taijun and Shi Miyuan showed their eyes. At this point, the Shi’s tombs became more and more known. In August 1999, the census of cultural relics entered a climax. The Hengshi Shipaifang in Wuxiang Town was discovered in the census and became a national key cultural relics protection unit. This is also inseparable from the participation of amateur cultural security personnel. On the hot afternoon, the Xie national flag presiding over the census, accompanied by Hu Fangde, amateur cultural insured in Wuxiang Town, went to the mountain census near Hengshang Village. In the sweltering environment of the mountains, all the cranes and weeds are seen, and it seems impossible to find valuable cultural relics. But everyone did not give up. When Hu Fangde saw an old farmer in the vicinity, he went up to talk with him. When the old farmer heard that he was engaged in cultural relics survey, he talked about the local legend, saying that the mountain is called Xianren Mountain, and there is a fairy tomb in the mountain. When I was a child, I saw the archway in front of the immortal tomb... This time, the Wenbao people came to the spirit, and they all came. Ask the old farmer to take the archway. Climb the hillside, pass through a large grave, and see a vicissitude archway on a hidden mountain road. This is the ancient stone archway, reflecting the ancient architecture of the Southern Song Dynasty "Building French", the old farmer later became an amateur Wenbao. In the census, Xie Guoqi and others traced the remains of Shi Wenzhong, tombs and arches around Dongqian Lake. The amateur cultural insured Shi Jiufu brought the “Shi Family Tree” and Shi Dongqi discovered the Wang Anshi Temple warehouse. The epitaph was inscribed, so the family history of Shi’s family, which had been dust-covered for more than 800 years, was reopened one by one by Yang Gucheng, Chen Wanfeng, Wang Zhongguang, Cao Houde and other petitioners. The "Dongqian Lake Stone Carving" written by Xie Guoqi was published. Until the Dongqian Lake Stone Carving Group became a national key cultural relics protection unit, the historical decoding feast of many amateur cultural security personnel participated in the wonderful end. Since 2007, the third national cultural relics survey in Yinzhou District has been carried out. In the five years, 258 amateur petitioners fought in the field to visit the front line. Through the third national cultural relics survey, our district has inspected 3,890 immovable cultural relics, including 1959 in the national database, and 862 cultural relics protection units, points and directories published by various levels of government, municipal historical and cultural villages. 2 places. "This census is an inventory of the cultural relics in our district." Xie said that the amateur civilian security guards accepted a grand historical and cultural baptism in the census. Before becoming an amateur Wenbao, Wang Afu of Dongqiao Town was a self-employed self-employed person. He participated in the amateur cultural security staff meeting for the first time and saw a large number of advanced people who received the commendation on the stage. He said: "One day I will also stand on the stage.” In 2004, Wang Afu saw the excavation site of the Municipal Archaeological Institute near the village. A large number of porcelains were unearthed. He watched the lively and he became interested in archaeology. He had an opportunity to go to archaeologists. consult. After becoming an amateur petitioner, Wang Afu gradually developed the habit of rushing to the scene where he had to dig the road. Opportunities appear inadvertently. In the second year of the amateur petitioner, he and his wife traveled. On the way, I found that there was a bulldozer working on the construction site of the landfill on the slope of the Dongqiao Bridge. After seeing it, I found that there was an ancient tomb brick excavated. He immediately told his wife that he was not traveling. Subsequently, he showed off the amateur Wenbao ID, preventing the construction workers from continuing to excavate, and dialed the telephone number of 110 and the cultural relics department. In this way, a rare three-year-old tomb "human face animal print" brick room tomb was protected. This brick room tomb and unearthed artifacts were later exhibited at the Ningbo (Zhangzhou) Museum. "At the time, I was dealing with the construction workers. They were very bad, but I knew that what I was doing was a very important thing." Wang Afu recalled that moment, he was very confident. In the more than 40 days of rescue archaeological excavations, he ignored the family's complaints, throwing water aside, eating and living on the construction site, guarding the excavation site. At the same time, he often digs and fills the soil and rushes to the scene. At the end of the year, he was on the podium of advanced recognition. Compared with the new generation of Wang Afu, Sun Miaochu, who is nearly old and rare, has more experience in archaeology. In 1982, he participated in the excavation of the Tianzhu Palace and an archaeological excavation of an ancient tomb in 2000 made him remember. "Our amateur cultural security workers are mostly farmers. The knowledge about cultural relics is not from books and classrooms, but from the practice of discovering and participating in archaeological sites again and again. It is sweating and accumulating into knowledge and experience." Sun Miaochu said. Although they are amateurs, they still have unique sensitivity to cultural relics and a high degree of vigilance against the dangers that cultural relics may encounter. Meng Xianmin, the former director of the Cultural Relics Protection Department of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, and Mao Zhaoxi, a famous cultural relic expert, were stopped and questioned by amateur cultural inspectors during the site survey and inspection until they presented relevant documents. Zhang Guoqing, deputy director of Tianyi Pavilion Museum, did not bring documents when measuring the ancient construction data in Shipaifang, Hengyang. Hu Fangde reported the police. As a result, Zhang Guoqing was brought to the police. Zhuo Kegen remembers that once the villagers reported that the ancient tomb was dug, it was a snowy day. He was already in the 70s and he stepped on the snow and went up the mountain. The road was cut with a sickle. He said that it would be a chore to refill the tomb that had been dug. Some tombs are dug deep, and it takes a whole day to fill them. Zhuo Qigen has both experienced the experience of filling holes in the wind and snow, and has also been remembered by mosquitoes in the summer heat. In order to protect the ancient tombs, the amateur cultural insureds have to visit the mountains every day, fighting with the tomb thieves. One night in the summer of 2008, after the local police learned the information about the tomb thieves, they gathered at Zhuo Qigen’s home to determine the plan. Then, Zhuo Qigen took the police to the mountain. "Unfortunately, when they heard the dog barking, they left the tool and ran away. The tomb had been dug up to 3 meters deep. Later, we kept it for a few days, they didn't come again." No one caught it, Zhuo Qigen had some regrets. . Sun Miaochu, who helped the police to crack the tomb case, assisted the police in arresting three tomb thieves in July last year. "When I was on the mountain, I saw a few suspicious people in the bamboo forest, and I left my heart. Later I found a pit that had been excavated. There were some shells and broken porcelain on the ground." Sun Miaochu promptly called the police and secretly Observing the movements of the group and finding the car they parked under the mountain. Finally, the police waited for the rabbit and captured a group of people. The excavated pit was an ancient tomb from the Han and Jin Dynasties and was later filled by Sun Miaochu. Xie National Flag, the director of the District Administration Office, has been an experienced expert. He has also had 20 years of experience as an amateur cultural insured. The solid foundation is that he has traveled through the mountains and waters of Luzhou in the past 20 years and constantly surveyed and trained. In 1994, he was an amateur petitioner. He was informed that Weng Zhong, a Ming Dynasty cultural relic found in Xiqiao Reservoir of Jiushigang Town, was stolen and immediately rushed to the village to understand the situation. Finally, he heard that the cultural relics had been transported to Cixi Guancheng. . The Xie National Flag publicized the "Relics Protection Law" to the villagers for more than an hour. With the assistance of the insiders, a group of people chased the city and chased the stone statues the next day. Xie said that in order to protect cultural relics, amateur civilians are inevitably in danger and even retaliated, but everyone's choice is to uphold justice, even with life to guard. In order to inherit the civilization and promote the spirit of cultural protection, many amateurs and civilians have shown a versatile and versatile style. They are active in the country stage, compiling and propagating the cultural and artistic programs of Wenbao, or writing a book on the case of Fudong Wuxiang. Home, "The Wind and the Dog Neck Pond", "Exploring the Ancient Shu" and other books.