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Big data, smart city information engine 2013-09-07

 

Pan Yunhe, Zheng Weimin, Zeng Xinmu, Cai Chengxing, Xu Deqing, Cao Guohui, Shen Liqin, Yesterday afternoon, the 3rd Zhibo Fair Smart City Development Summit was held in Handan. More than 500 experts and scholars from home and abroad gathered in the world, focusing on the theme of “Big Data and Urban Development”. Communicate and discuss issues such as the characteristics and trends of big data, the research and implementation of big data, and the impact of big data on the construction of smart cities. We took part in the speeches of some guests, shared with readers the insights in the construction of smart cities, and concentrated on promoting the construction of smart cities in our city. “At the end of the last century, economists once wondered about the online information service industry: Why does venture capital only focus on 'click-through rate' rather than 'profit'?” At the beginning of the speech, Pan Yunhe, executive vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, took a fresh life. The example leads to the importance of data: In recent years, Amazon has contracted the back-end service of AOL e-commerce website. Amazon's drunkenness is not to earn service money, but to grasp the user's purchase data. Amazon is more aware than anyone else. It is not a "focus economy" but a "big data economy." From "software is king" to "data is king", it means that the world has entered the "big data era", which is a new stage of development of informationization. By analyzing various data, human understanding of the world will be more comprehensive, deeper, more forward-looking and predictive. "Big data will be of great significance to China's macroeconomic regulation, industrial development, and national defense and social security construction. It is also an important starting point for China's development to change lanes." Pan Yunhe said that China must plan to study And to develop big data, it is necessary to form a mechanism for gathering big data as soon as possible, and open up the data centers and databases of all parties to make it a data sea; it is necessary to ensure the sharing of data and the security of data in various fields. Specific to the government, it is necessary to encourage scientific and technological academic institutions to strengthen the research and development and talent cultivation of B-DKU (Big DKU: Big Data, Big Knowledge, Big Application), and encourage the market to develop the industry and application of B-DKU. The ability to measure, forecast, plan and make decisions about the economy and society to enhance insight and international competitiveness. “Based on existing data, open up data and promote the construction of various professional knowledge service systems, With the use of large-scale use, China is likely to be on the dual commanding heights of control and application of big data.” Pan Yunhe said. When the United States and other countries raised big data planning into a national strategy, Tsinghua University also has a real exploration in big data. MeePo is one of the most successful practices. Zheng Weimin, a professor of computer science at Tsinghua University and a doctoral tutor, said that MeePo has three main modules: First, personal space, each registered user enjoys 20GB of personal space, which can be used offline, which is actually A storage outside the C drive and D drive in a normal computer Space; second, community space, school education, employment guidance center, diving team, etc. can apply to establish a community, and have 1TB of initial community space, where users within the content community can share; third is the public community, this is the system The built community is open to all users, including course videos, learning software, audio and video materials, etc. “MeePo system has a storage capacity of 300TB, which is a big cloud. Unlike DropBox and Huawei web disk, MeePo is not just The storage platform is also a resource platform, social platform, and support platform.” Zheng Weimin said that at present, MeePo has more than 20,000 registered users and more than 500 registered communities, and the current total data is nearly 90TB. In fact, the data is complex. Many of the data are repetitive or worthless. Therefore, the tedious classification of data and the roughing of the data are the key to high-efficiency and low-cost operation of big data. "We are in charge of the memory of Tsinghua University's high-performance computer, which has about 1 PB of data. Zheng Weimin said, before Time, the computer department did an experiment, bought a lot of hard drives, and sorted the original data in a redundant way, that is, the duplicate content was replaced by a frame, and the new hard disk was reduced by 40% compared with the original storage capacity. In the process of building a smart city, a large amount of data will be generated. In the exploration of smart cities in these years, Taiwan has proposed to explore the concept of big data: no matter how much information, data and data, through the collection and integration of some testing components and various aspects, Excavate their value and apply it to the construction of smart cities. At yesterday's summit forum, Zeng Xinmu, Distinguished Professor of Information Engineering Department of Taiwan's Successful University and Chairman of the Taiwan Artificial Intelligence Society, combined with the i236 smart city being promoted in Taiwan The construction plan carefully analyzes the big data mining work. “Big data mining is different from general information analysis, including data collection, integration, processing, and a new generation of computing platform technology. We hope to develop by 2020. A mature big data mining technology that applies smart life and puts it Industrialization eventually leads to globalization. The i236 strategy promoted by Taiwan mainly combines self-communication operation service platform and complete management operation process to realize the application of smart technology in six aspects: safety and disaster prevention, medical care, energy conservation and environmental protection, transportation and agricultural leisure. The application of i236 is mainly reflected in two aspects. The first is the construction of a smart town. The research and construction institutions will grasp the life, leisure and shopping habits of a 100,000-popular town resident through data analysis, and feed it back to the wireless network. The communication platform and the application of home energy-saving wisdom make the construction more scientific and practical. The other is to promote the construction of a smart economic and trade park called i-Park in the metropolis. Through various dynamic transportation dialogue systems, energy conservation and safety monitoring equipment. In order to help the city realize the industrialization of smart technology, Taiwan is gradually opening up climate, environment and other materials for data analysis. In addition, related enterprises and scientific research. The agency also provides data information to the locality House to help develop automated, intelligent applications. "Last year, Microsoft released to the world, from a pure software company Microsoft to service, configuration and equipment company. A few days ago, we just acquired Nokia and became a very important smart terminal company in the world. This means that in the future, Microsoft will have a cloud, a good end, and have its own tablet. In yesterday's speech, Cai Chengxing, vice president of Microsoft Asia Pacific and general manager of the Greater China Public Utilities Department, came to the forefront and described the future of Microsoft to the participants in a video. Smart cities face great opportunities in China, dominated by the government. The market is worth a trillion business value. "At present, there are 226 cities with a population of more than 1 million inhabitants and 32 in more than 5 million. The urbanization process is accelerating. During the 'Twelfth Five-Year Plan' period, the China Development Bank will invest 80 billion yuan to build smart cities. "Cai Chengxing said that in order to build a smart city in China, the government must first become a service-oriented government. In the face of such huge data, integration mining is very important. "We have done a very top-level design with the New York government, and the New York government has passed the past 100 years." The data was given to Microsoft Research, allowing the Institute to analyze and make a new data model to do this. "Cai Chengxing said that these data are integrated and can be contributed to the society, let the enterprise use it, and let the people share it." These isolated data use big data to create a holistic platform, and then integrate these with smart terminals. . In Cai Chengxing's view, the smart city service platform is built on the private cloud of the enterprise, and more needs to rely on the government's public cloud. Therefore, the government will open the data and form a real big data platform, so that the current solution can be solved. All industries and departments are striving to build their own databases. "Building a smart city, China has caught up early and started with the mainstream countries of the Western countries. But in building a smart city, can we catch up with the early days and avoid the development of the previous semiconductor industry? "Opening the head, Xu Deqing, director of Beijing Liliji Investment Group and director of American Quanxin Technology Co., Ltd., has thrown a thought-provoking question. In Xu Deqing's view, if the smart city is like a person, big data is The brain, the Internet of Things sensor looks like a person's facial features, and writes information into the brain. At present, China has entered the era of big data. In recent years, China's big data has grown geometrically. "In this sense, innovatively Using big data to develop smart cities can ensure that China starts early and stabilizes. In fact, the big data center is very large. According to photos given by Xu Deqing, Google has four basketball courts in a data center in the southern United States, and is equipped with a special power plant to generate electricity. The data center of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The scale is also considerable. "The data center is mainly hard disk, and the energy consumption is very large. "In response to this problem, the company has developed a phase change memory technology that can reduce the size of the hard disk and reduce the power consumption without lowering the operating rate. Xu Deqing revealed that this technology will soon be industrialized in Ningbo. In response to the domestic urban construction smart city boom, Xu Deqing admits that smart cities are still only a concept, and there are not many successful cases. Because smart cities involve big data, Data centers are needed to support, while some cities do not have professional talents or industry experts. Furthermore, information security issues need to be taken seriously. "To build a smart city, we must first emancipate our minds and let private enterprises stand on the front end of the stage. Second, we must strengthen the legal system and the construction of integrity, and increase the protection of intellectual property rights. Once again, we must break the current state of data silos and open up a large amount of data for everyone to use. Finally, and most importantly, is the development of smart applications. "How can China's smart cities catch up early?" Xu Deqing gave his own suggestions. In the face of the imminent dilemma of resource depletion, environmental degradation, traffic congestion, overcapacity, etc., China needs to find a new economy and sustainable urban development. In this regard, the company in which Smart China Chief Strategy Officer and Senior Vice President Cao Guohui is located launches the CSST project and is committed to building a smart low-carbon new city. The CSST system emphasizes that smart city construction must be integrated with industrialization, and urbanization must truly realize people. The combination of cities will truly enhance the hard environment, soft culture and human environment of the town. "The wisdom of the town must be the combination of urban technology and urban culture, making people's lives convenient, safe and healthy. Cao Guohui summed up the connotation of CSST. In the CSST system, to build a mature smart city, first of all, to build smart units and smart industries, and then to carry out some urban and urbanization construction pilots. Only on the basis of the completion of these work A city can carry out comprehensive wisdom construction. "A smart city should be suitable for business and should be suitable for business, and it is inseparable from the support of modern technologies such as Internet of Things, cloud computing and big data. In his speech, Cao Guohui emphasized that the intelligent transformation of the city should, on the one hand, be systematic, and integrate traffic, urban management, and commerce into the overall layout and construction. On the other hand, it must master intelligent operation, through effective data collection and processing. Technology, modernization of urban management and service. In 2008, IBM proposed the concept of smart earth. In the past five years, the Internet of Things, mobile internet, cloud computing, big data, and technological advancement have pushed the construction of smart cities step by step. Technologies such as cloud computing and big data will play an increasingly important role in helping urban industrial innovation and improving people's livelihood. Shen Liqin, general manager of IBM Global Industry Solutions Development Department, said. Shen Liqin emphasized that in addition to advocating the safety and convenience of life, smart city construction is also important to have corresponding industry support. Industry support is smart city. The driving force for moving forward. "A lot of smart city solutions have come, and because of the lack of sustainable development capabilities, they have gradually become the burden of urban development. Therefore, if smart applications are to be maintained for a long time, they must be industrialized to form a mature business operation model. For example, Shen Liqin said: For example, if a city's smart bus project relies entirely on government investment, it will be difficult to maintain. In this case, if it can introduce market operations, it will form a certain business model, so that it can produce while satisfying citizens' travel. Profitability, such projects can continue. In order to help the industrialization of smart projects, IBM has adopted a large number of big data technologies. Shen Liqin introduced that IBM has pooled more than 2,000 projects around the world, through a large number of data analysis, to find some related projects. Commonality, form a fixed solution. "In this way, in the future projects, these solutions can be used, and after the new content, we will integrate, analyze, enrich the connotation of the project, and save it. Time to do the rework. ”