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Xujiashan, a stone village that does not fall for seven hundred years 2013-09-16


The stone-paved village road has been abandoned. ●Before opening the column: The ancient village is the crystallization of China's thousands of years of farming culture. It has a long history and profound cultural heritage. It has both village planning and various types of architecture. The material cultural heritage of bridges, temples, and ancient trees, as well as various intangible cultural heritages such as customs, customs, folk beliefs and traditional techniques, is truly a combination of material and intangible cultural heritage. As the birthplace of the historical city and the “Hemudu prehistoric site” with a history of 7000 years of civilization, Ningbo has many ancient villages and ancient towns, such as Qiantong and Matang, which are well-known ancient towns and ancient villages. These well-preserved ancient villages have not only become living specimens of local historical research, but also become an alternative landscape in modern civilization. However, how many ancient villages have not been discovered and noticed by more people? As a result, our reporter embarked on a trip to the ancient village where “there is no knowledge of the deep-rooted people”. Recently, a place named “Xujiashan” has been on the forums, microblogs and WeChat of Ningbo natives. Frequently, all the people who mentioned this place have a picture of the magical aspects of this "stone village". On July 17, a netizen named “Quiet and Unique” posted a message in the Dongshen community. “Into the village is like walking into a time tunnel. It seems to have returned to a certain period in ancient times and came to the paradise. 'I don't know if there is Han, no matter Wei Jin'. This village is also like a ruin of ancient Roman times, with a trace of history, leaving many mysteries." Where is Xujiashan magical, it has attracted many friends and travel hobbies. The heart is longing for it, often stepping on? The reporter was very curious, so I also had a good friend recently. I went to Xujiashan and went on a field trip to experience the charm of the "Zhedong First Stone Village". With the further development of the tourism industry, the footprints of the friends who have visited the ancient times have been spread all over the city. Because of this, the Xujiashan Stone Village, once hidden in the mountains, was discovered by the friends, and then spread by word of mouth, and the reputation spread rapidly. Sure enough, the name is well-deserved. As soon as I entered the village, a picture of the village house that I heard from the chickens and dogs was in front of me. It was a good pastoral scene. The whole village is a world of stones: all houses are made of bluestone, and each house has a courtyard, and the walls are also piled up by stones. The roads in the village are wide and narrow, criss-crossing, some are paved with large and small stones, others are covered with pebbles and small gravel, and the feet are stepped on them. There is no reason to have a very safe and secure safety. sense. These stone roads, like time machines, suddenly felt like they passed through the era of farming civilization. The 89-year-old Uncle Zhang is regarded as the "living history" of Stone Village. Because his family has lived here for generations, the village has changed and he and his grandparents have experienced it. Uncle Zhang told reporters that the years of these stone houses in the village are very long. Some stone houses have been around for a hundred years. Many houses have not been rebuilt since they were completed. As for the "stone age" of the stones that make houses, it is even longer. According to experts' research, in the early Jurassic period 1.4 million years ago, there was a large regional fault in the eastern Zhejiang coast. The hot magma spewed out from the ground, and some directly rushed out of the ground, forming a volcanic eruption rock. . Xujiashan Village is located on the east side of the Zhenhai-Yongjia fault zone, which is exactly the area where the volcanic eruption rocks were formed. Therefore, these hard rocky rocks became the raw materials used by the Xujiashan villagers to build stone houses. The reporter saw the ancient stage and Yejia Temple in the village in the open space of Houcun. Perhaps because of the depth of time, the pillars in the temple are refuted, and the skin has fallen off. It seems to be very dilapidated. However, the descendants of the Ye family still respectfully honour their ancestors' tablets in the middle of the temple. According to the Ye Quan Award, director of the Xujiashan Village Committee, the ancestor of Xujiashan Village was the famous Xianmen Ye Ding in the late Southern Song Dynasty. He is the owner of Ninghai Dongcang. When he was an official, the Southern Song Dynasty was in a state of decline, and he was worried. Holding a beautiful wish to turn the tide, Ye Mengding has repeatedly appeared on the court, hoping that Song Dunzong can repair the civil affairs, Zhen Guobang, but the Song Dynasty can not listen to the half sentence. In the end, the leaves are back to heaven, and they end in hate. After Ye Mengding’s death, his descendants, Ye Daqing and his son, led the tribes into the Xujia Mountain, built houses with mountains and stones, and lived here. This is the origin of Xujiashan Village. It has a history of more than 700 years, and the “Ye” surname has become the largest surname in the village. The Ye Quan Prize proudly told reporters that he was the ancestors of Ye Daqing. The ancient village naturally has ancient legends. The Ye Quan Prize tells the reporter about the village’s story about Ge Hong Alchemy and the discovery of “Gui Teng”. According to legend, Ge Hong was born in the home of the bureaucracy, but since his father died at the age of thirteen, he has been living in poverty since his family’s death. The youthful Ge Hong yearns for the world of carefree fairy gods, and travels to Ninghai, where his grandfather used to be alchemy, trying to emulate the singer's alchemy. After arriving at Xujiashan Village, Ge Hong settled down. He was doing alchemy and he was worried about how to fill his stomach. One day, when Ge Hong was hungry, he accidentally scratched the roots of a kind of vine. He was really hungry and tried to fill his hunger. Unexpectedly, he soon discovered that this kind of vine root can not only have fruit, but also has the effect of clearing away heat and relieving heat. This discovery made Ge Hong very excited, so he named the green vine as "Ge" and planted it in large quantities and widely promoted it. Later, the locals called the green vine "Gudo". So far, people have also used "Gui Teng" as a medicine for anti-inflammatory, swelling, detoxification. In such an ancient village, what kind of people are living, and what kind of life do these people live? The Ye Quan Awards puzzled the reporter. He said that Xujiashan Village has a small footprint and a small population. It is still less than 200 people living in the village. The young and middle-aged people are almost out of work, or simply move out. The rest of the village is basically It is some old and old. "So, the village retains a very traditional way of life. Usually, everyone grows peanuts, sweet potatoes, taro, raises chickens and ducks, licks rice cakes, compiles bamboo mats, and is self-sufficient. It is not rich, but life is always decent." Ye Quan said, "Now, the government has seen the unique advantage of our stone village and decided to develop the tourism industry in our village. It has already allocated more than 25 million yuan before and after, helping the village solve the problem of drinking water. And the traffic problem, the flat mountain road when you came, is the county funded and repaired." According to the Ye Quan Award, as early as 2010, Xujiashan Village was named "Chinese historical and cultural village." Every year, the village holds a Chinese (Xujiashan) Stone Ancient Village Cultural Festival. During the festival, there are tens of thousands of tourists who come here to participate in the celebration. The Panshan Highway is full of various vehicles, and all kinds of agricultural products planted by the village are snapped up. Empty. After the reputation was outside, Xu Jiashan became more and more hot, and now even became the creative base of the Chinese Academy of Fine Arts. A particularly interesting phenomenon is that more and more young people are returning to the village to start their own business. The “farmhouse” restaurant in the village is the young man who has gone out to work and returns to the village. Listening to the Ye Quan Awards, such as the introduction of several treasures, feeling the changes in the village, the reporter suddenly thought of a word: point stone into gold. Perhaps it won't take long for Xujiashan Village to become a tourist attraction both at home and abroad because of the stones here. At that time, tourism will drive economic development, and the villagers will completely bid farewell to the poor life and embark on the road of well-off. Xujiashan Stone Village is affiliated to Chayuan Township, Ninghai County, Ningbo City. It is an ancient village with a history of 700 years. It is also the largest and best preserved stone house in the urban area of ​​Ningbo. It is called the “first stone village in Zhedong”. Xujiashan Stone Village was awarded the fifth batch of “Chinese historical and cultural villages” on December 13, 2010. Eighty percent of the houses in the village are made of bronze slate. The village has stone houses, stone courtyards, stone roads, stone alleys, stone bridges and stone benches. It can be called a stone world. In addition, Xujiashan Village has the following characteristics: (1) The climate is pleasant, the average temperature is below 20 degrees Celsius, and almost no air conditioning is needed in summer. It is rarely attacked by typhoons and the air is very fresh. (2) More livestock in the village: chicken, duck, pig. There are also wild animals such as pheasants and rabbits in the mountains. Wild boars can still be seen a few years ago. (3) There are many myths and historical allusions circulating in the village, such as Xian Man-made Bridge, Ge Hong Alchemy, and Ye Daqing to avoid building villages.