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Ancient temples 2013-09-22

 

The lecturer Lin Yuzhen amateur cultural insured, Ningbo local culture enthusiast, has worked in the county temple for more than 20 years, and is keen to collect and organize the history and culture of the county temple. At the end of the last century, the rise of the Chenghuang Temple area became the new commercial center of Ningbo. The picture shows the prosperity of the new mall. In 1994, the new City Mall was under construction. This is an important step towards the modernization of the county temple. The ancient stage of the county temple used to perform traditional drama. The picture shows the lively scene of the viewers like clouds and crowds. City God Temple in the early 1990s. “Ningbo Fucheng Temple”, also known as the County Temple, is a household name in Ningbo. Recently, a project to improve the area of ​​the Chenghuang Temple has attracted the attention of many people and has also aroused everyone's interest in the ancient times of the county. The county temple is the temple of the gods and the paradise of the people. The vast majority of people who go to the Chenghuang Temple are not to worship the gods but to visit the temple. The reason why the City God Temple attracts the public is not because of sacred but because of fun. At least until the 1950s, the Chenghuang Temple was undoubtedly the most popular public place in Ningbo, and the earliest “playground” in Ningbo history. The most memorable and appealing nature is the gongs and drums on the stage of the county temple. According to the "Ji County Tongzhi" records: "The dramas in the middle of the temple are mostly played in various temples. In the old times, all the cities and towns have peers, and there are meetings, and they are played in the two temples of the county." , no day and no." This kind of performance is respectful and reciprocal, but most of the guilds of the industrial and commercial circles are organized for commemoration, celebration or deliberation, and even the performances of the associations to show themselves. If you don’t play, then you will be connected to the stage day and night. After the cessation of the public sacrifice in 1927, the performances of the troupe were reduced, but the lively scene of the Chenghuang Temple remained, and all kinds of entertainment and play were increasing. In the front and back patio, selling boxing monkeys, playing juggling sings, playing tricks, selling big afu to see diorama, Dafang where the rivers and lakes, the city temples have everything. In the same year, Zhang Shaoce’s storytelling book, "Water Margin", Xu Binzhang’s Ningbo book, "White Crane Map", was once a smash hit at the Chenghuang Temple. Chen Lianqing, Zhu Guiying, etc., who have a book in the Chenghuang Temple, each have their own group of fans. To be more advanced is to buy a ticket, go to the "County Temple Book Theater" in the west to see Ningbo Beach Spring. The "County Temple Book Theater" was later renamed "Min Le Theater", and the beach spring has also developed into a drama. There are gaps in the Chenghuang Temple. They are all small stalls for measuring words. Generally, although tourists do not spend this money, they are willing to "care" the "destiny" of others and love to see others and fortune tellers. Those fortune tellers are so clever and eloquent, saying that "the white will swim, the dead will go." The most famous of them is the "Knowledge", you don't have to speak, he can measure your name. Although it is only a word game from now on, at the time it made many people admire the five bodies. Unforgettable is the small book stall at the gate. A comic book is worth two cents, and five cents can be used for a long time. If you are a big point, you can rent a comic book home, then the whole family can share happiness on this day. After the 1960s, the county temple was once vicissitudes, and the face was changed. The amusement also became a memory. Until the early 1980s, the Chenghuang Temple shopping mall was established, and a new amusement park was opened in the newly restored East Temple. Small recreations such as recreation, handball, golf, and chess and marbles are also available. Since then, a large-scale "Wu Song Tiger" rally machine and automatic height measuring machine have been set up in Shanghai Yuyuan. I also ordered a “haha mirror” from Shanghai, which was the most famous entertainment in Shanghai. It is a famous “pistachio”. The "Haha Mirror" of the Chenghuang Temple has ten sides. Each side is more than two meters high and nearly one meter wide. No matter the men, women and children, as long as you stand in front of the mirror, you will see yourself in a strange shape. Although, when the managers of the mall were operating in the same year, they tried every means to create the historical atmosphere of the old temple, hoping to reproduce the characteristics of folklore in the history of the county temple. But the times can't be copied, history has to go after all, and modernity and fashion have replaced the past with an unstoppable trend. However, the county temple used to be the largest playground in Ningbo. Its unique style of folk customs has undoubtedly become a valuable history of Ningbo city. Knowing the Chenghuang Temple will definitely know the "City Temple Temple Snacks". Since the snacks became the fashion of modern life, the “City of the Temples” has become a buzzword on the streets of Ningbo. The history of the Chenghuang Temple snacks, although there is no record to test, but at least in the 1920s and 1930s, it has been very prosperous. At that time, although there was no such thing as "food", the Chenghuang Temple has actually become unknown in the city. "Food City". In the foyer of the gate, a narrow white table was placed along the sides of the door. The cauldron behind the table braved the tempting heat all day. The sound of the pot, the sound of screaming, and the wood bench are often packed. At that time, there were not many varieties of snacks. The most famous ones were the large throat and the small white-eyed beef noodles. The reason why it is famous, in addition to the soup and meat flavor, there is the unique loud and loud sip of the big throat and the small eye "eyes to the east". He is also doing it on the spot. The hand of the stall owner is like a trick. The guest just sat down and his beggar was finished. In the little scorpion, a small clam cover floats on the soup water, and it is pressed against the floating scorpion. The small clam cover turns one turn and two turns, and a bowl of broth is filled with red, white, green and green scorpion. . Once a guest has done it, two guests will do it twice and never mix it. This is called the Chenghuang Temple snacks. It is said that it is now sold and fast, and everything is done in an instant. The whole process is completed in front of the guests. Not only eat, but also listen to it. At that time, the famous temples in the Chenghuang Temple were also known as big soup noodles, wine-baked dumplings, and peas. Cheap oily tofu powder, five cents a bowl is still hot and fragrant and fresh, and cheaper, there is a penny piece of "rose tofu." If you only have a penny in your pocket, you can still poke a piece of old tofu with a spicy sauce with a flat bamboo stick for a snack. At that time, the snacks of the Chenghuang Temple were simple, but compared to the simpler life, snacks have been a rare enjoyment. In the 21st century, Ningbo's snacks have blossomed all over the place, but the Chenghuang Temple snacks still stand out with its traditional advantages, rich varieties and unique cultural connotations, leading the snack market in Ningbo. The county and its surrounding areas are extremely prosperous, and it is the earliest department store market in Ningbo history. Outside the temple, there are a lot of shops, vendors, and stalls. The history of the temple, because the "smugglers of the traders, the industry is mixed" is unbearable, so the door has to be moved southward, which shows the commercial prosperity of the temple. The county temple is a bustling scene of gathering and business gatherings. It has been a long time since the early Ming Dynasty until the time of liberation. It is still the largest trade place in Ningbo. The operation of the county temple, in addition to snacks, is mainly small groceries, goods are complicated and unique, and this business characteristic eventually forms a major category of business: small department stores. The small department store laid the foundation for the temple business, and also determined the "fate" between the county temple and the business. In the 1990s, the relevant departments introduced the president of a Korean trading company to visit the Chenghuang Temple. According to the guests' self-introduction, their ancestors had made a fortune in the Ningbo County Temple in the early years. Since then, the prosperity of the family business has been achieved. The county has always been a holy place to be respected by their families. This time, he specially brought a film crew to the county temple to find the roots. The same story happened among many Japanese visitors. Some travel agencies accepted the entrustment of Japanese guests and asked them to find their ancestors' business activities in the Chenghuang Temple. From this point of view, the business relationship of the county temple is not only in Ningbo, but also overseas. In 1986, the “National Temple Business Confederation” was organized with the Shanghai Old City Temple and the Ningbo City God Temple. Shanghai Chenghuang Temple, Hefei City God Temple, Xi'an City God Temple, Nanjing Confucius Temple, Suzhou Xuanmiao Temple and other famous temple business enterprises gathered in Ningbo City God Temple and held an inaugural meeting. The Chenghuang Temple Mall quickly developed into another bustling new commercial center in Ningbo. With the development of the times, the county temple has no longer adapted to the development requirements of modern commerce, and has reached a new node of historical transformation. On the other hand, the times and society expect the county temple to write a new chapter in the inheritance of history and culture. This photo is provided by the author