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[Canal City·Ningbo·5] A Heart of Hearts 2013-12-19

 

Ningbo, the corner of the Qing'an Hall, is located on the coast of the East China Sea. Since the Tang and Song Dynasties, the well-known port transportation industry has been well-known at home and abroad. As the core city of the estuary and maritime Silk Road at the southern end of the Grand Canal of China, Ningbo is connected to inland water transport and marine transportation, with a very rare character of the canal and the port city. Ningbo, which relies on the sea to eat the sea, has a close relationship with the Mazu faith. As an extremely important station in the inheritance of Mazu beliefs, it opened the prelude to more than 30 imperial seals of the emperors. Mingzhou (now Ningbo) in the Song Dynasty was the main port leading to the Korean peninsula. In the 7th year of Song Huizong and Song Dynasty (1117), the imperial court set up the Korean embassy in Mingzhou. Six years later, it was announced and five years (1123). In the middle of the road, Yundi took the Wanshen Shenzhou built by the Zhaobaoshan official shipyard, and started from Mingzhou Port, and went to Goryeo. Unfortunately, the fleet encountered violent winds and waves during the return journey. The "seven boats are in full swing" is in jeopardy. Only the Shenzhou that Yun Yundi took is due to "God descends on the shackles and flows to the Anzhen" to reach Mingzhou. After the Song Huizong was heard, he immediately gave the amount of "Shunji" to the Mazu Temple ("Xuanhe Fengshen Gaoli Tujing"), and since then the Mazu belief has changed from folk worship to the official belief recognized by the court, from the local gods to the national God. Every god in China must have a place to live. The Qing'an Hall on the east bank of the Sanjiangkou in Ningbo and the adjacent Anzhen Hall are the main management institutions for the grain and the North-South trade, and the main gathering place for shipping beliefs. First, it can be described as the spiritual fortress of the Mazu belief in Zhedong. The construction of the Qing'an Hall was later than that of the Anzhen Hall, but the building specifications and cultural relics protection level were significantly higher than the latter. It was founded by the most powerful Beiyang shipbuilder who donated more than 100,000 silver and was completed in Xianfeng three years (1853). In the same year, Ningbo’s Beiyang shipbuilder “has also moved to Zhemen in the west of Zhejiang.” The transportation of grain from western Zhejiang to Tianjin is bound to be transited in Ningbo, and a major way of transit is to take the convenient route of inland water transport. The Qing'an Guild Hall is large in scale and has a very distinctive architecture. It has become one of the eight major Tianhou Palaces and seven convention halls in the country with the combination of the palace and the palace, the front and rear double stage and the exquisite local craft “three carvings” (brick carvings, stone carvings and Zhujin wood carvings). One of them has been turned into the Zhedong Maritime Folk Museum, which has become a window for people to understand Mazu culture, club culture and ship culture. Because of the worship of the sea god Mazu, the Qing'an Hall has another name for the "Dongdong Tianhou Palace". The Mazu Niangniang in the Tianhou Palace blessed the two southern and northern ships on the Chinese coastline to enter and exit the safe and smooth waters, and bless the rivers and rivers of the south of the Yangtze River, and bless the richness of the grain. shock. Due to the needs of God, a series of intangible cultural heritages such as worship etiquette, Mazu believers, song and dance entertainment were also derived. On the 23rd day of the lunar calendar, the birthday of Mazu and the beginning of September, the shipmen and fishermen from the south to the north gathered together at the Qinghai and Anzhen conference halls to worship the gods. The Qing'an Guild Hall in history is not only a place to blaspheme, but also a place for foreign businessmen to work, gather meetings and connect with emotions. However, behind the prosperity of the maritime industry, there is a significant risk of pirates looting and even people and money. In the four years of Xianfeng (1854), representatives of the North Ships gathered in the Qing'an Hall to discuss and decided to raise 70,000 silver to purchase new-style ocean liners. The ship, which was later named "Baoshun", became the first motorized ship introduced by China. It has made great contributions to escorting the ship on the north, destroying pirates and resisting the invasion of the French army. The Qing'an Hall, which is listed on the two major Chinese heritage sites of the Grand Canal and the Maritime Silk Road, is connected to the mainland civilization and marine civilization by the shoulders and spreads them to every corner of the world through the water of the canal and the road of the sea.