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Ningbo Education Museum will open next year to fill the gap in the National Education Museum 2013-12-20


In the 12th year of the Republic of China (1923), Zhejiang Industrial Bank exchange coupons were the earliest copyright protection in the history of Shanghai. "Special Order" Ningbo has always enjoyed the reputation of "state of culture and education". From the "state studies" of the Tang Dynasty, the "county studies" of the Song Dynasty, to the great prosperity of the culture of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the famous Zhedong School and the Yaojiang School were born, and then the creation of modern women's schools, Ningbo Education can be described as Has always stood at the forefront of Chinese education. A few days ago, the reporter learned from relevant personnel that the Ningbo Education Museum's repair project has been basically completed, and the interior decoration and exhibition will be launched one after another. It is expected to be officially opened in the Teacher's Day in 2014. It is understood that the museums currently completed in Yucheng are: Ningbo Museum, Ningbo Bang Museum, Ningbo Garment Museum, Ningbo Tea Culture Museum, Ningbo Yu Culture Museum, Ningbo Coin Museum, Ningbo Educated Youth Museum, etc. The construction of the Education Museum will be given to the Ningbo Museum. Add a new member. Trainee reporter Zhu Liqiwen / Ningbo Education Museum is located at the former site of the former Minjiang Girls' Middle School at 129 Heyi Avenue. The Education Museum is based on the principle of “repairing the old as the old”. Its peripheral repair project has been basically completed recently and has now entered the interior decoration and exhibition. The museum has three floors, the first floor is a temporary exhibition hall, and the second and third floors are fixed exhibition halls. The exhibition will embody the three principles of "education", "Ningbo" and "the museum", adhere to the "thick and ancient, modern and modern use", the way of exhibition is to achieve the combination of tradition and modernity, static and dynamic combination, exhibits and Combine the gods and strive to give the public a new museum. Sun Guohua, deputy director of the Ningbo Education Museum Preparatory Office, told reporters that up to now, there is no education museum built in the country. The completion of the "Ningbo Education Museum" next year will fill the gap in Zhejiang Province and even the national education museum. “So, Ningbo citizens can visit the first education museum in China at home.” Sun Guohua said that the Ningbo Education Museum has undergone a long preparation. As early as June 15, 2000, the Municipal Party Committee issued by the Ningbo Municipal Party Committee The Minutes of the Meeting included the preparation and implementation of the Ningbo Museum in the top ten industrial museums in Ningbo. In 2006, the construction program and work plan of the Education Museum were initially implemented. In November 2012, the Ningbo Municipal Education Bureau officially formulated the Ningbo Education Museum's preparatory plan. So far, the construction of the museum has been fully launched. “Ningbo Education Museum has collected more than 1,800 pieces of collections. These precious cultural relics and literatures have been collected by 11 education bureaus and schools in Ningbo, and they have been collected with the active participation of the city’s citizens. It’s not easy.” Sun Guohua said that the location of the Ningbo Education Museum is very meaningful in the former site of the former Minjiang Girls’ School. Because the girl school, which was founded in 1844, is the first women's school in Chinese history. "China's first education museum is located on the site of the first girls' school in Chinese history. This may be a coincidence of history. Teacher Sun has introduced the "first time" of Ningbo education in Chinese history. For example, Ningbo Law School is the first batch of political and legal colleges in China; Ninghai Junior Military Academy is China's first junior military school; Xiangshan Shipu Town Parent School is China's first A parent school. There is also China's first doctor of geology Weng Weng; Marxist economics spreads the first person in China, Jiang Xuemo; China's first female student Jin Yamei and so on. These proud "firsts" will be exhibited in the Ningbo Education Museum for the citizens of Ningbo. During the interview, the reporter also learned that a set of precious documents bearing the copyright order of the Qing court ministers in the 31st year of Qing Guangxu (1905) - "Cheng Cheng Meng Xue Tang Zi Tu Tu" was recently obtained by the Ningbo Education Museum (funding). The first "special order" in the history of China's rights protection was also opened by Ningbo businessmen. According to the editor of the "Ningbo City" education volume, the editor of the Ningbo Education Museum (funding) Hu Yanyan, in the twenty-five years of Guangxu in the late Qing Dynasty (1899), Ye Cheng, a businessman from Zhenhai, Ningbo, bought more than 30 acres in Shanghai Hongkou. The land, and on the premise of donating 100,000 yuan to the Qing Dynasty, obtained the qualification to run a school. Then, Ye Chengcheng solemnly founded the “Chengcheng Meng School” (Note: “Mongo” means enlightenment). He is a thoughtful businessman, abandoning the more traditional "San Zi Jing" and other traditional Mongolian readings, and finding the elites of the education circles in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, compiled a set of 4 volumes and 8 volumes of "Cheng Cheng Meng Xue Tang Zi Tu." This "Picture" vertical lithographic line installed 16 copies, literacy more than 3000, and illustrated, informative, and soon replaced those more traditional children's textbooks. The textbook was published in Xin Chounian (1901), and soon the news went without a hitch. The set of books quickly sold out, and the time was high. "Good works are not only easily pirated in the contemporary era, but also in the Qing Dynasty. It was also the case in the Qing Dynasty 100 years ago. Because this set of "Chengyue Mengxuetang Characters" is selling too much, it will soon be the text in the US Concession. The Lin Shu Bureau infringed the copyright. The pirates went to the end of the original version of the original "Cheng Cheng Meng Xue Tang Zi Tu Tu", and the text was deleted and added, and began to print and sell, and profited a lot from it." Hu Zhengyan said, this The matter was quickly informed by Yuan Shuxun, a sergeant of the "Jiangnan Branch Sweeping Su Song Tai Bing Road". The official of the "Qin Ming Er Pin Dai Dai" in the late Qing Dynasty gave him the jurisdiction after conducting corresponding investigations and reports. The region (including Shanghai) has issued a “protection of copyright” ban: it is strictly forbidden to reprint the words written by Cheng Cheng School. If someone violates the “special order”, it will be seriously pursued. All aspects must strictly abide by the above provisions. Later, the “demonstration of the ban”, which was used to protect copyright, was printed on the head of the book “Chengcheng Mengxuetang Characters”. "We must know that the Qing government promulgated China's first copyright law, "Da Qing's Copyright Law" was in 1910, and the discovery of the copyright law of "Cheng Cheng Meng Xue Tang Zi Tu Tu" will rewrite the history of China's modern copyright law literature, namely Going back five years, starting in 1905. This is a major historical discovery." Hu said. In addition to the "Chengcheng Mengxuetang Characters", there are still many treasures found in the Ningbo Education Museum. In the 12th year of the Republic of China (1923), the Zhejiang Industrial Bank exchange coupons were one of them. Zhejiang Industrial Bank is the earliest private commercial bank in China and one of the earliest banks to obtain currency distribution rights. In 1909 and 1923, Industrial Bank issued two denominations of “Yuanyuan”, “Wuyuan” and “Picking Round”. Banknotes. Surprisingly, these banknotes were printed with the head of Wang Yangming, the founder of the middle school in the middle and late Ming Dynasty. "The banknotes issued by Industrial Bank have three people's heads, namely Wang Shouren (Yangming), Guan Zhong and Jiang Ziya. The reason why Wang Shouren was chosen is because in the eyes of Zhejiang people, Wang Shouren is a big educator in Ningbo and even in Zhejiang, after the Ming Dynasty. The position is comparable to that of Confucius, so Wang Yangming’s head is engraved on the coin to express his respect.” Hu Zhengyan explained this to the reporter. The 63-year-old teacher Zhang Zhaohu has been engaged in education for more than 30 years. This time I heard that Ningbo wants to build its own education museum. Teacher Zhang is very happy. He has collected a piece of copper plaque for many years and some textbooks before the decade of turmoil. Donated to the Ningbo Education Museum. "After all my life's education work, I will be able to do something for Ningbo's education career when I am retired. I am very happy. These things are left in my own house, I can only give myself a look, good things should be taken out. Let's share it together. As for the value of the physical value, it will not add value in the future. I have never thought about it." Teacher Zhang said that in addition to his active donation, he also pulled up some of his old friends and "inspired" the old. The guys took out the precious "model awards" and "competition medals", and everyone made a contribution to Ningbo's education. Enthusiastic citizen Mr. Ge Weidong also donated his collection to the Ningbo Education Museum. According to Mr. Ge, he set up his own factory. There is almost no intersection with the “education” line on weekdays. However, he likes to collect. This time he donated 32 old textbooks and a long-awaited school badge. "One of the 32 textbooks is a textbook used in the first phase of the Whampoa Military Academy. It is very precious and has a high historical value. Some people have bought these collections at high prices before, and I have never sold them. I am the biggest lover of this person. It is to collect some 'paper' collections. This time I saw the Ningbo Education Museum collecting exhibits in the newspaper. I took the initiative to contact the organizer.” Mr. Ge said.