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For the future of the Zhedong Canal 2014-03-20


Yang Gucheng led a team of thousands of people walking the canal Wang Xingguo photo Canal Ning Band was included in the official text of the application for the "two paragraphs." The first section is the upper reaches of the Zhedong Canal - the Ning Band in the Yuyao section, from the Wufu Shiplift Gate to the Caoshu Bridge. The second section is the Ningbo Canal Ning Band, which passes through Cicheng from the Sanjiangkou of Yuyao Zhangting and reaches Xiaoxiba to the south. The so-called "point" is Ningbo Sanjiangkou and Qing'an Guild Hall. Yang Gucheng, a well-known cultural relics protector and senior craft artist in China, has devoted himself to the study and protection of the canal culture since 1996. He has led the citizens to visit the canal remains and appeal for protection. It also led Japanese researchers to visit the Zhedong Canal and the Jinghang Canal. Remains. In 2008, Yang Gucheng was awarded the National “Cultural Heritage Protection Contribution Award and Outstanding Person” by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage. Recently, Yang Gucheng, who is over 76 years old, accepted an interview with this reporter. Reporter: As a senior craft artist, how do you think about studying Ningbo history and dedicating yourself to cultural heritage protection? Yang Gucheng: Perhaps influenced by many years of experience in traditional arts and crafts research, I am obsessed with the love of Chinese culture and cultural heritage. I was deeply rooted in my soul and blood in my early years. After retirement, I have more time to devote myself to this. He has published 10 monographs such as "Chinese Lion Art", "Modern Home Decoration Art", "Southern Song Stone Carving" (co-authored), "Ningbo Baiqiao" and "Zhu Jinqi Wood Carving". Speaking of the protection of cultural relics, in the past 20 years, I have investigated and researched more than 450 ancient bridges in Ningbo, more than 30 ancient towers, and more than 300 ancient theaters. I also went around with some amateur cultural security team members to continue the city's cultural context in Ningbo. In the past 20 years, through our appeals and efforts to preserve, more than 100 historical and cultural heritages have been discovered through difficult investigations. Among them, there are 5 national key cultural relics protection units and 10 provincial key cultural relics protection units. Dozens of key cultural relics protection units at the municipal and district levels. Such as the East Qianhu South Song Stone Carving Group, the County Song Dynasty Southern Song Dynasty Stone Arch, the Ninghai County Qiantong Ancient Town, the former residence of Zhang Cangshui, the Yaohuang Temple. There are also intangible cultural heritages such as Zhujin lacquer wood carving, bone wood inlay, mud gold lacquer, and bamboo root carving. In the protection and publicity of the Grand Canal, mainly the Zhedong Canal, I also made my greatest efforts and contributed a small amount of power. Reporter: You have made a lot of contributions to the protection and publicity of the Grand Canal of China. Can you talk about it? Yang Gucheng: I have been working on the study and protection of canal culture since 1996. He has repeatedly led the public to visit the remains of the canal and call for protection. It also led Japanese researchers to visit the remains of the Zhedong Canal and the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal. I learned about the Grand Canal with the people of Ningbo, promoting the Grand Canal and promoting the Grand Canal. In May 2001, I led 150 citizens to rent a boat at the Canal for a day, from the teenage children to the elderly. At that time, it traveled for 40 kilometers and had lunch on board at noon. We have seen more than 10 cultural relics such as wharfs, ferries, ancient bridges and old streets, leaving many precious photos. Since then, this year has been more than 10 times. The largest one was on March 24, 2013, with a total of 200 people and 4 large cars. In fact, some Japanese cultural figures are particularly fond of the Chinese Grand Canal. Japanese painter Xue Zhou entered Beijing along the canal in 1468. Along the way, the 14-meter-long scrolls of Zhenhaikou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Suzhou and Jingkou were painted, which also attracted many Chinese and Japanese cultural figures to pay attention to the canal culture. From 1996 to 2007, many researchers, media and travel groups from Japan and South Korea visited the Silk Road and the ancient roads. I have accompanied the interviews and interviewed. One of them went from Ningbo Zhenhai to the Zhejiang East Canal, and then through Suzhou and Hangzhou to Shandong. On August 7, 2003, I accompanied the Japanese snow boat research expert Xiwei Zhenli and his party from Ningbo along the Grand Canal to Yangzhou. They went to Beijing and I returned to Ningbo. Mr. Xiwei sent me the History of the North and South Canals from Beijing, which contains the special chapters of the Zhedong Canal. I also wrote a lot of articles about the China Grand Canal (Ning Band). Such as "Zhedong Canal Ancient Bridge", "Zhedong Jianghe Ancient Ferry", "North Korea Cui Wei Zhejiang East Road" and so on. The longest special article is "Research on the Canal and the Silk Road in the Grand Canal". The full text of more than 8,000 words, after half a month, has access to a large amount of information, such as Japanese data, North Korea data, mostly based on relevant information accumulated over the years. Reporter: What is the significance of the China Grand Canal Ning Band as an important part of the East Zhejiang Canal? Yang Gucheng: The history of the East Zhejiang Canal is actually longer than the Hangzhou section of the Grand Canal. As early as 7000 years ago, the Hemudu era has already begun to take shape. In addition, on the East Zhejiang Canal, there are still important historical relics such as Taiping Bridge, Shaoxing Gucheng River, Gujian Lake, Yuyao Tongji Bridge, Zhangzhou Gaoqiao and Daxiba. At that time, this water transportation was an ancient "highway", which has a history of 1700 years. As an important part of the East Zhejiang Canal, the China Grand Canal Ning Band has an extraordinary significance in Chinese history. First of all, it is the sea, and it is also the inland passage connecting the Maritime Silk Road. The celadon and Chinese Buddhist culture in eastern Zhejiang are transported to the world through the ancient canal and entering the Maritime Silk Road. At the same time, it has an important influence in the fields of politics, religion and economy. Among the thousands of kilometers of canal systems in China, only two cities directly interface with the seaport, Tianjin is in the north, Ningbo is in the south, and Ningbo is the starting port of this port. A paper I wrote in 2013, "The Study of the Grand Canal Ning Band and the Silk Road on the Sea", discusses the special significance of the China Grand Canal in the Ning Band. Reporter: This time the Chinese Grand Canal application, the Ning Band "two paragraphs" was included in the official text of the application. These three heritage sites have their unique historical and cultural values. What are the characteristics? Yang Gucheng: Three heritage sites for Ningbo to enter the Chinese Grand Canal application list, the Yongfeng Library Site in the Yuan Dynasty on the side of Haitang Drum Tower and the Qing’an Hall on the Jiangdong Riverside, all related to the transportation and foreign trade, are the national key cultural protection units. The “Water Monument” at the Pingqiao Street on the west side of Haiming Town’s Ming Road is a provincial-level key cultural protection unit. These three places are typical of Ningbo's hydrological science and foreign trade characteristics, and are also representative in the cultural relics along the Great East Canal. Although Ningbo has a large number of remains of the Zhedong Canal, most of them are based on the ancient temples and the gates. They are placed in the overall view of the Grand Canal. Their uniqueness is not obvious, and the three places are listed. It has its unique historical and cultural value. Among them, the Yongfengku site is the first large-scale warehouse discovered in China, and it is a breakthrough in the archaeological studies of the Song and Yuan Dynasties in China. The Qing'an Hall is one of the Eight Great Temples and the Seventh Congress Hall in China, and the only existing Tianhe Palace and Trade Hall in Jiangnan. The ancient building complex in one; and the water monument is the only example of hydrological measurement in the Song Dynasty in China's urban and rural ancient water conservancy, the science of design is amazing. The Great Canal of China (Ning Band) continued to be refurbished and used during the Tang and Song Dynasties, and it continued until the development of land transportation in the Republic of China. At present, the Grand Canal has a total length of 48 kilometers, a wide area of ​​nearly 100 meters, and a narrow area of ​​about 20 meters. It is basically non-traffic, mainly for tourism, farmland irrigation and environmental protection. As the canal is still some distance away from the land transportation route, it is currently well preserved. If the Grand Canal is successful, it will undoubtedly be a huge boost for the world to re-recognize Ningbo's historical and cultural heritage, as well as the popularity of the city and the promotion of cultural brands.