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Long canal flowing for thousands of years 2014-06-23

 

Zeng Fuquan Meng Yuzhu This is a living heritage, this is a living history. Living by water, the water is flourishing, and the Grand Canal, more than 1,000 kilometers, carries the history of the rise and fall of the King Dynasty in the next generation. In this history of water civilization, which has been circulating for more than 2,000 years, it has spawned a series of economic prosperity, urban development and cultural splendor in the history of the Chinese nation. The declared Grand Canal heritage is distributed in 8 provinces and cities and 27 cities along the route. Among them, there are 11 first batch of application points in the Grand Canal (Hangzhou section) (including 6 heritage sites and 5 river channels), and the number of application sites is in the forefront of the country. They are: Fengshan Shuichengmen Site, Fuyi Cang, Qiaoxi Historic District, Xixing Passtang Dock, Gongyu Bridge, Guangji Bridge, and Jiangnan Canal Wujiang - Jiaxing - Hangzhou Section, Hangzhou Zhonghe - The main line of Longshan River and Zhedong Canal. In the area along the Grand Canal, the role of Hangzhou is very unusual. “Hangzhou section of the canal is located at the southern end of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, and is connected to the Zhedong Canal through the Qiantang River. It connects the Maritime Silk Road through Ningbo Port. After the Tang and Five Dynasties, it became the water transportation hub city and the heavy town of the southeastern region.” Zhang Shuheng, a member of the Expert Committee on Protection and Application for Heritage, and a researcher at the Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology said. In Hangzhou, there is a fine tradition of protecting cultural heritage. Before the launch of the Grand Canal, a large number of experts and scholars studied the Grand Canal and repeatedly called for the protection of cultural relics along the canal. In 2002, the canal protection and rectification project was incorporated into the work of the Hangzhou Municipal Government. The canal comprehensive insurance was listed as one of the “Ten Projects” in Hangzhou and lasted for ten years. "The complexity and difficulty of the work of the Grand Canal heritage protection and application is unique in China's history of applying for world cultural heritage." "After the opening ceremony and protection of the National Grand Canal in 2005, the protection of the canal heritage in the Hangzhou section has become more and more time-consuming," Zhang Shuheng said. Since then, the only ancient granary in Hangzhou, Fuyicang, has no longer been used as a staff quarter; the important testimony of the Zhedong Canal to Hangzhou's first transportation hub is the Xixing Passing Pier, which removes the cement pavement, the ancient river, Yongxing Gate has also been cleaned up by archaeology... The true face of these heritage sites has been fully protected and demonstrated, confirming the glorious history of the Grand Canal in the agricultural era for long-term maintenance and communication. Nowadays, boarding the ancient arch bridge, you can imagine the grandeur of the canaling canal in the south of the Kangxi Qianlong River. Or you can enjoy the life of the residents along the canal since the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China in the historical area of ​​the west of the arch bridge. The museum area of ​​the modern industrial plant transformation, the past and present of the Grand Canal, is coming. In recent years, through comprehensive protection, the west of the bridge and the adjacent Xiaohe straight street, the original shanty towns have been dilapidated, and a large number of Lanes and historic buildings in the style of the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China have been preserved. “The Hangzhou section of the canal is like a living mummie – it is so lively, the city’s smoke and fire on the waterside makes history a poetic, and becomes part of the beautiful life of the people of Hangzhou today.” Heritage experts have commented this way. The Grand Canal is a dream, and Hangzhou has a second world heritage after the West Lake. In addition to Hangzhou, the other 26 cities along the Grand Canal are - Beijing; Tianjin; Chenzhou and Hengshui in Hebei Province; Anyang, Hebi, Luoyang, Zhengzhou and Shangqiu in Henan Province; Dezhou, Liaocheng, Tai'an in Shandong Province, Jining and Zaozhuang; Huaibei and Suzhou in Anhui Province; Suqian, Huai'an, Yangzhou, Changzhou, Wuxi and Suzhou in Jiangsu Province; Jiaxing, Huzhou, Shaoxing and Ningbo in Zhejiang Province. The Grand Canal (Jiaxing Section) is the key to the Jiangnan Canal. The 110-kilometer river channel is included in the Chinese Grand Canal application text, accounting for more than one-tenth of the total length of the Shenyan River. From north to south, including Suzhou Tang and Jiaxing Ring City The river, Hangzhou Tong, Chongchang Port, Shangtang River, Tongxiang Chongfu to Yuhang Tangqi and other river sections show the complete evolution of the Grand Canal from spring and autumn to modern times. Changhong Bridge and Chang'an Gate, as outstanding representatives of the canal's remnants of the canal, were included in the list of applications, showing the achievements of the ancient Chinese civil engineering design, construction and management. Many material and cultural heritages closely related to the canal are scattered along the coast, which constitutes a rich canal landscape and enriches the connotation of the canal culture. Huzhou City finally entered the "Canal to declare the World Cultural Heritage Pre-list", which is "a little point". One section refers to the important tributary of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, "the old road of Qiangtang", and one point refers to the gradual development and prosperity of this section of the canal. The historical and well-preserved town settlement heritage "Nanjing Town Historic District". The Shaoxing Ancient Canal was listed as one of the World Cultural Heritage Points by the State Administration of Cultural Relics: the main body of the Shaoxing section of the Zhedong Ancient Canal, the Eight-Word Bridge, the Baziqiao Community, and the Shaoxing Ancient Fiber Road. These four places are the highlights and the most culturally valuable places of the ancient canal section of Shaoxing. According to experts, in the Chinese Grand Canal application, the only part of the world cultural heritage site is the Bazhiqiao block in Shaoxing and the Suzhou Shantanghe block. Ningbo City, listed on the World Heritage List of the Grand Canal of China, is located in the upper reaches of the Zhejiang East Canal - Yuyao Section, Zhedong Canal Ning Band, and Ningbo Sanjiangkou are located in three separate heritage areas, referred to as "two sections". Among the thousands of kilometers of canal systems in China, only two cities directly interface with the seaport, Tianjin is in the north, Ningbo is in the south, and Ningbo is the starting port of this port.