Zhang Tingyu was interviewed in Beijing. (photo by Zhou Jianping) How to correctly treat the Grand Canal application? What significance does the Grand Canal application have for China and Ningbo? What is the role and contribution of the Grand Canal Ning Band in the Chinese Grand Canal system? After the application, how can we better protect the Grand Canal, what opportunities and challenges will Ningbo face? On June 13, the reporter came to Beijing to interview Zhang Tingwei, the former president of the China Cultural Heritage Research Institute and the expert of the National Experts Group of the Chinese Grand Canal. Zhang Lao is a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. He is a well-known expert in Chinese culture. He has presided over the archaeological excavation of the Famen Temple in Shaanxi. "Whether the success of the Grand Canal application is included in the World Cultural Heritage List, the Grand Canal is a world cultural heritage in our hearts. We must have such confidence." At the beginning of the interview, Zhang Tingyu was on the Grand Canal. The value and status of human history have been identified as such. Zhang Tingxi said that at the World Canal Annual Meeting held in Canada in 1992, China's Grand Canal was listed on the World Canal List along with the French Canal Canal, and it is the highest canal heritage in the history of mankind. In history, the excavation of the canal has promoted economic and cultural exchanges across regions and regions. China's Grand Canal was excavated in the agricultural era, reflecting the only system of transport in the world at that time; the Canal du Midi in France was a product of the industrial age. The two canals firmly occupy the commanding heights of the two eras, and their universal scientific and cultural values are well known. Zhang Tingzhuo believes that the Grand Canal has been used for 10 years and the state has invested more than 1 billion yuan to protect the Grand Canal. The process of applying for the legacy is also the process of protection, and it is also the process of improving the awareness of the Grand Canal along the river government and people. China is a party to the World Heritage Convention and has fulfilled its responsibilities and fulfilled its obligations. Fully enjoy the process of applying for the legacy, effectively improve the protection and management level of the Grand Canal, and discover the various forces that protect the Grand Canal. This is the greatest value realized by the Grand Canal. The requirements for the declaration of World Cultural Heritage are true and complete. How is the Grand Canal application done in this respect? Zhang Tingzhuo believes that the understanding of the Grand Canal is a little bit increased. For example, in the history of the Grand Canal, there is no problem in the direction after the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. Only local areas have been diverted, and the Jiangnan section has basically not moved. But where is the canal in Sui and Tang Dynasties? Now we have identified the ancient Sui and Tang Canals as only 30 kilometers away, most of which are blocked by the flooding of the Yellow River. This is the case for a large number of Sui and Tang Canals in Henan and Anhui. We can find them. Zhang Tingxi said that another distinctive feature of the Grand Canal as a cultural heritage is that it is "live". The Grand Canal still plays an important role in the current economic and social development of China and plays its role. Taking shipping as an example, the transportation capacity of the Grand Canal south of Jining in the national inland shipping ranks third in the country after the Yangtze River and the Pearl River. In some places, the Grand Canal has been changed from a fourth-class waterway to a third-class waterway, and some have been changed to a two-level waterway. The continuation of the function reflects the vitality of the Grand Canal. Of course, the status quo of the Grand Canal also has a worrying side. The Grand Canal like Huai'an-Gaoyou-Baoying has become a garbage river or even an abandoned river in some places, and the water body is seriously polluted. The protection and management of the Grand Canal should work hard from the overall living environment, and the level of management and protection needs to be improved. Regarding the value of the Zhedong Canal in the Grand Canal system, Zhang Tingyu said: "Ningshao Plain, where Ningbo is located, has always been a rich place. During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, it transported grain and other goods through the Zhedong Canal, occupying an important position in the history of the Yun Dynasty. The emissaries of Korea and Japan abandoned the boat in Ningbo and then arrived at Linan, the capital of the city through the Zhedong Canal. Therefore, from the perspective of geographical longitude and historical latitude, the Zhedong Grand Canal is an important extension of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal.” Not long ago, Zhang Laogang has been to Ningbo, he went to see Tianyi Pavilion and Baiyunzhuang College. He said that the academy is a unique place for knowledge innovation and dissemination in Chinese history. The library building is matched with the academy. It is the cultural symbol of the accumulation of knowledge of the private, especially the big intellectuals. Books such as Tianyi Pavilion in Ningbo and Jiaye Hall in Huzhou, should be world cultural heritage, but not declared. "Protection of the Grand Canal is the responsibility of the Chinese nation to the whole world. The main body of protection is the people. They are the decisive force for the protection of cultural heritage. General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed to build the Silk Road Economic Belt, further promote reform and opening up, and bring China closer to the world. Linked to the ground. As the node of the Grand Canal and 'Hai Si', Ningbo should protect the Grand Canal and make greater contributions to reform and opening up," Zhang Tingyu said.