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The canal of the canal, the dream of China's "Grand Canal", the success of Ningbo, the ranks of the world's cultural heritage cities 2014-06-23


The end point of the southern end of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal - the Jianzhu Xue, a reporter from Hangzhou Gongyi Bridge, which was founded in 1631, was photographed by Jia Dongliu. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal of the Qinghai District of Hebei Province, the Xinhua News Agency of Xinzhou, issued by Beijing Tonghui He Xinhua News Agency waited for two days, and the heart that hanged to the eyes of the blind man was finally put down. Waiting is tormented, but the dream comes true and happy. After several delays for some reason, Beijing time yesterday afternoon, at the 38th World Heritage Conference held in Doha, Qatar, the "China Grand Canal" joint application project was approved by the final vote and officially listed in the World Heritage List. Since then, Ningbo has the first world cultural heritage, which is also the second world cultural heritage in Zhejiang Province (the first is Hangzhou West Lake). On the same day, the application for cultural heritage of the “Silk Road: the initial section and the road network of the Tianshan Corridor” jointly submitted by China and Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan was also approved. China’s World Heritage has risen to 47, only second. In Italy (49 places). The application for the “South China Karst Phase II” natural heritage submitted by China will be reviewed later in the meeting. The review process has been repeatedly smashed by other countries. During the deliberation of the General Assembly yesterday afternoon in Beijing time, the International Monument and Monument Protection Association (ICOMOS) represented the international assessment agency on the connotation, value and protection of the Chinese Grand Canal. The opinions and conclusions were introduced. Tong Mingkang, deputy director of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, said in the speech that the complexity and difficulty of the work of the Grand Canal heritage protection and application are unique in the history of China's declaration of world cultural heritage. Tens of thousands of experts and professionals in various disciplines People and the general public are involved. Later, the representatives of the parties elaborated their opinions and gave a high evaluation of the Grand Canal. Some representatives used the words “shocking” and “impressive” to describe the feelings of the Grand Canal. The President of the General Assembly, Princess Maya of Qatar announced the successful application of the "Canal Grand Canal" submitted by China according to the voting results of the meeting. The World Heritage Committee believes that the Grand Canal is the longest and oldest artificial waterway in the world. It is also the largest and most extensive civil engineering project before the Industrial Revolution. It promotes the exchange of materials and the unified jurisdiction of the territory in China. Outstanding wisdom, determination and courage of the Chinese people, and outstanding achievements of Eastern civilization in water technology and management capabilities. Why is the review post postponed? In these two days, those who are waiting for the results of the Grand Canal’s application for the mission are saying “good things are more and more grinded”. The review of the heritage of the conference is alphabetically determined. The China Grand Canal project from Asia is ranked 8th, ranking higher. It was originally on the evening of June 20th (Beijing time on the afternoon of the 20th). Can produce results. But for two consecutive days, the Grand Canal project has never “showed”. The reporter found a staff member who participated in the World Congress in Doha through Weibo. The net name is "Wuzi 武子". He participated in the application for the "Silk Road". According to him, the Grand Canal project has always been The main reason for not entering the review agenda was the “Gasser” project in other countries. It is understood that at the World Heritage Conference on the 20th, due to repeated discussions in Palestine's "Olive and Wine Land - South Jerusalem Cultural Landscape", the subsequent application projects were seriously "haunted." On the morning of the 21st local time, Japan’s “Fugang Silk Factory and Silk Industry Heritage Group” project “cutting the queue”, the review of the China Grand Canal project was once again pushed back; in the afternoon, it continued to kill Mexico, Germany, South Korea and Myanmar. "cutting the queue." Regarding "being blocked," the Chinese delegation and the representative of Kazakhstan protested to the General Assembly, but it was argued that there was no result for two hours. According to industry insiders, the order of the World Heritage Convention is so chaotic, and the reason for allowing “Kaser” is probably because China is not a member of the Heritage Assembly and will have a lower priority than the Member State. 2006.12 The Grand Canal declares that the World Cultural Heritage Work is officially launched. 2007.9 The Grand Canal Joint Application Office is established. 2009.4 The State Council takes the lead in the Grand Canal application. The new four-year basic work 2013.1 The official declaration text is delivered to the World Heritage Site. Center 2013.7-8 The Grand Canal application to meet the international experts on-site inspection and evaluation 2014.6.22 The results of the China Grand Canal application project revealed their presence on the Grand Canal Shenchang Road, can not forget that the success of the application is inseparable from the volunteers, they are silently moved In the joy of the successful application of the Grand Canal, there is a group of invisible behind-the-scenes "contributors" that cannot be forgotten. They do not pay, they are willing to Jiang Huaihai, the head of the Grand Canal (Ning Band) application office. When he received a call from a reporter yesterday, he was still busy at home for the relevant matters of the Grand Canal. "I really didn't stop there one day. After the news of the success of the application in the afternoon, I received a lot of calls. After all, the matter is too big." The joint application of the China Grand Canal, a total of eight provinces participated. After the successful application, the news also exploded in the World Federation of the World Heritage. "Everyone is celebrating this matter. After all, hard work and hard work for so many years, in exchange for such a return, everyone's hard work has not been in vain." Ningbo officially participated in the application for the seventh year, Jiang Huaihai joined in 2011, and currently It has been more than three years, and there are certainly many things that will impress him. Jiang Huaihai told reporters that his involvement in this matter is a working relationship, but some of the volunteers who participated in the Grand Canal’s application for the legacy of the canal have been most impressed. “We started to handle the Grand Canal application in 2008. At that time, when it was most needed for publicity, the enthusiasm of volunteers from all over the country was very high.” Jiang Huaihai said that it was very popular to ride along the Grand Canal. “They Many of them, the farthest from the northeast, have been riding bicycles to promote the Grand Canal and have been riding to Ningbo.” In Ningbo, the enthusiasm of volunteers is not lost. Into the community, schools to make appeals and disseminate propaganda materials. "We have all done this through volunteers. In June last year, we went to distribute the information to the residents along the canal, calling them not to dump garbage, the weather is very hot, they Everyone sweats.” Jiang Huaihai said that the age of the volunteers is very comprehensive, ranging from students in the school to those in the 40s and 50s. "We don't provide remuneration, but they are willing. See how great the charm of the Grand Canal." "I do things that are not worth mentioning." Yan Jianlin, 30, works at the Ningbo Shizhi Research Center. Volunteers for the Grand Canal. According to him, at present, there are at least 50 volunteers who work in the Grand Canal. Dialing the phone of Yan Jianlin and hearing the news of the successful application of the Grand Canal, he was very excited. "Is it? We have been waiting for this result. The QQ group of the Grand Canal’s volunteers should be busy now." To interview him, he had some accidents. "There is nothing to do with this interview. The things I do are not worth mentioning." What is not worth mentioning in Jian Jianlin’s mouth is his "Grand Canal Application Volunteer". In 2011, after seeing the invitation of the Ningbo Cultural Relics Protection Institute to recruit the volunteers of the Grand Canal, Yan Jianlin did not hesitate to sign up. After graduating from the university, he went to the Ningbo Shizhi Research Center to study local history, perhaps related to his major. Qi Jianlin has a strong interest in the work of Wenbao. "I have been paying attention since I knew about the application of the Ningbo Grand Canal. Ningbo The Grand Canal has a special geographical position. As the starting point of the Grand Canal and the starting point of the Maritime Silk Road, it plays the role of a hub and a hub. This is unmatched by other Grand Canal cities. I have a lot of spare time. When I went to the site to inspect the canal remnants and entered the community to popularize the knowledge of the Grand Canal, I was very tired and tired. "I thought that the community residents were not interested in these cultural heritages, but we found out after the scene that many residents not only I love listening to our knowledge of popularization and protection, and I am more willing to share with them what they know." Although the Grand Canal’s application has been successful, Zhai Jianlin still made up his mind to do the volunteers. "I hope everyone can see further. Historical relics are not only the protection of the surface, but also the participation and inheritance of the masses. It is also important for us to apply for volunteers. It is not for the application of the legacy. There are still many things to do in the future, such as the popularization of Ningbo Wenbao knowledge. Not enough, I still need a lot of volunteers to join, I will stick to it.” How can the canal heritage develop and use this world cultural heritage on the basis of protection? Of course, after entering the legacy, it is not a safe time. It is understood that UNESCO will conduct regular inspections and assessments of landscapes that have entered the World Heritage List and will be delisted if there are non-compliance conditions. The Grand Canal of China has a heritage range of 2 municipalities, 6 provinces and 25 prefectures with a total length of 1011 km. It is a linear living heritage. In the later protection and development, there is obviously some pressure. How to develop and utilize this world cultural heritage on the basis of protection is also a proposition that experts pay attention to. The application of the person in charge of the Jianghuai Grand Canal (Ning Band) is not an end. The protection and inheritance of the canal culture is the process of applying for the legacy. Experts have suggested that the canal culture should not be simplified or commercialized. "Building" the canal culture. This is indeed a very real problem. In addition to the generally recognized cultural and spiritual values ​​of the Grand Canal, some cities along the route may be more concerned about the economic value it can bring. In my opinion, I feel that I still have to look a long way. The short-term economic benefits do not explain the problems, and it is the key to let the Grand Canal survive for a long time. Ningbo currently has a “protection plan” for the canal, and our post-work is mainly based on protection. It may be combined with some river sections for moderate development, but it will require the development concept of the local (the second section of the Grand Canal in the township), not to conflict with the canal protection. The application is not an end, and it is the essence of the culture to continue to protect and pass on the canal. Only protect the Grand Canal, so that its charm will be greater and its attraction will be stronger. Next, the “Maritime Silk Road” application project jointly initiated by Ningbo and Quanzhou will be declared as soon as possible in 2015. If successful, Ningbo will add a world cultural heritage. Yang Jianhua, the director of the Institute of Public Policy Research of the Zhejiang Academy of Social Sciences, not only needs the government, but also the efforts of everyone. The Grand Canal has been applying for the application to success. After more than eight years, it really touches the hearts of many people. Explain that it is really a very important cultural heritage in China. If you trace its history, it can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. At that time, Wu Wangfu sent people to dig trenches, which was actually the predecessor. As the earliest and largest artificial canal in the world, it is actually related to the lives of the people. Until today, the Grand Canal is still playing its role. This is very remarkable. The successful application of the Grand Canal is of great significance both to the protection of the canal and to the improvement of the quality of life of the people on both sides of the canal. Just like the previous West Lake, because of its heritage, the protection requirements are even higher, so it is The protection is even greater. The same is true for the Grand Canal. Of course, the protection of the canal not only requires the efforts of the government, but also the efforts of everyone. The common people should also pay attention to these heritages and participate in the protection of the whole people in order to enjoy the cultural achievements brought by the heritage. Shen Shiwei, deputy dean of the School of Humanities of Ningbo University, suggested that Ning Band be transformed into a slow trail. Reasonable use is the best protection of the Grand Canal. The promotion of the Grand Canal to a world cultural heritage can awaken the whole nation's memories of the canal, communicate the culture and economy of the North and the South, and promote the nation. It is of great significance to integrate and accelerate opening up and overseas trade. For Ningbo, the successful application of the Grand Canal has provided unlimited possibilities for the future development of tourism. Yangzhou, Hangzhou and other places are world heritage sites, and they are well-known. Together with the success of the Grand Canal, these cities have already become more famous. These cities have already written articles on the Grand Canal. For example, the knife cuts have been opened along the Hangzhou Canal. The Sword Museum, the "Umbrella Museum", etc., and Ningbo is relatively slow in this movement. So how do you make a fuss about using the Ningbo Grand Canal? There are many ancient roads in Ningbo. Visiting the ancient roads with friends at the weekend is now one of the ways for citizens to exercise. The linear heritage of the Grand Canal is also very suitable for the development of slow trails and bicycle lanes. As long as the environment along the route is well rehabilitated and greened, it is likely to become another place for citizens to walk and exercise on weekend evenings. You said how to make everyone aware of the protection of cultural heritage? I feel that they must first join and integrate into the cultural heritage. After all, the Grand Canal is a linear cultural heritage. If it can strengthen cooperation with other cities in the world, and combine the development of points and points, it may receive better endings. Gong Yuban, Professor of History Department of Ningbo University should keep the original taste as much as possible, avoid excessive enthusiasm and cause destructive protection. The professor of the history department of Ningbo University, who has been paying attention to the Grand Canal application, has been meeting with the students yesterday. He is listening to the reporters. The news of the success of the application, he excitedly put down the tableware immediately. I have been doing the investigation of the Grand Canal and the Silk Road. The success of the Grand Canal application is so happy that the great project of China has finally been recognized by the whole world. The successful application of the declared model is completely different from the previous application, which provides practical experience for future applications. After the successful application, there will be many new issues, and the first thing to do is how to protect. First of all, it is necessary to strengthen the exploration and investigation of historical documents. The second is to let more people know about this incident and publicize the success of the application, let everyone know about Ningbo's history and culture, inspire everyone's love for Ningbo, and integrate the culture of the Grand Canal into their own lives. The public re-examined to strengthen the sense of identity of local culture. As for how to use and develop the Grand Canal? The originality should be preserved as much as possible to avoid excessive enthusiasm and destructive protection, and too many artificial repairs must be done. Ningbo: The junction of the Grand Canal and the Haisi Road Ningbo has a very special position in the Chinese Grand Canal. Ningbo is the southernmost city of China's Grand Canal. It is the gateway to the Grand Canal and the connecting point between the Chinese Grand Canal and the Maritime Silk Road. The Grand Canal (Ning Band) traverses east and west, stretches hundreds of miles, flows through the four ancient counties of Yuyao, Cixi, Pixian and Zhenhai, meets Sanjiang, and flows into the sea, gestating the millennium civilization of Siming. In 2008, Ningbo was included in the National Grand Canal Joint Application City. In 2013, together with the heritage sites of other canals, the “two-segment” of the Grand Canal Ning Band was included in the text of the Chinese Grand Canal and officially submitted to the UNESCO World Heritage Center.