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Declassification of the Millennium Temple Baoguo Temple 2014-09-16

 

The "Maritime Silk Road" is not only a road for economic exchanges, but also a road for cultural exchanges. "The hustle and bustle of the hustle and bustle of the East, the ancient temples are deep and profound." The oldest "Ningliang Temple" myth in Ningbo - the architectural features of Baoguo Temple had a direct impact on the Japanese architectural shape at that time. Nowadays, in the Zhengcang Courtyard of Dongda Temple in Japan, you can still find the traces of the Song Dynasty architecture. Recently, the People’s Daily Online “Walking New Silk Road” large-scale multinational media coverage team came to this millennium ancient temple to explore its legendary story on the Silk Road. The millennium wooden structure of the pillars of the temple is not rotted and not smashed in the dry north. It is not uncommon to see the ancient temple of the famous temple with thousands of years of history. However, in the humid and rainy days, there are often typhoons and other places in the south of the Yangtze River. It is no easy task to keep the whole millennium, but Baoguo Temple has done this. Located in the foothills of Lingshan in the suburbs of Ningbo, this ancient temple is one of the oldest existing wooden structures in China and the oldest and most complete wooden structure in Jiangnan, China. “Pauluo Temple is the only witness to the level of architecture that Zhedong artisans have achieved in the Northern Song Dynasty. It not only left the wood structure at the time, but also left the decoration and color painting. It can be said that the three treasures are all in one. Xu Xuemin, director of the Ningbo Baoguo Temple Museum, proudly introduced that the internal structure of the Baoguo Temple Hall is stable and has a harmonious internal system. The birds do not make nests and the spiders do not net. High-quality sassafras has its own fragrance... According to reports, in terms of architecture, the status of Baoguo Temple is even less than that of the Forbidden City in Beijing. As the only preserved Northern Song Dynasty temple in Jiangnan, the Baoguo Temple Hall is 90 years earlier than the "Building French Style". The practice in "Building French Style" can find many physical examples in Baoguo Temple, and some have become the existing ancient China. An isolated case in the building. In the eyes of the local people, it is even more magical, that is, in the building dominated by the wooden structure of the hall, although after thousands of years, the wooden pillars of the temple are always not rotted. According to Xu Xuemin, director of the Baoguosi Museum in Ningbo, the bird's nest, spider web and dust that can often be seen in other ancient temples are hard to see here, and even have become a mystery. The mystery about Baoguo Temple was not solved until 1975. At that time, when people were repairing the temple of Baoguo Temple, they unexpectedly found that the timber of the pillars had a pungent scent from the replaced pillars. “This is related to construction materials.” Xu Xuemin said, “This high-quality wood is called sassafras, which may contain a kind of scent that birds and insects don’t want to smell.” When they put a spider on the beam of the hall, soon the spider Just passed out. Later, many people deliberately put the spiders into the hall, but it didn't take long for these spiders to run without a trace, and there was never a spider web in the hall. Because of this, some experts say that the special smell of Scutellaria can not only be riddled by insects, but also allows spiders to escape far away, and may even make birds unwilling to approach. The magic of Baoguo Temple is that there is no dust in the temple. Some experts believe that in the structure of the arches on the top of the main hall, there are different "wind lanes" with different postures. As soon as the outside air enters the main hall, a swirling airflow is created in the hall through these "wind lanes", which is called "whirlwind." The whirlwind kept reverberating in the hall, naturally making it difficult for the beams to accumulate dust. Moreover, this "whirlwind" may produce a kind of sound wave that makes the birds afraid to approach. "The stone sarcophagus is high-topped, and the Vatican Palace is deeply locked in the bamboo forest." The reporter stopped in the center of this millennium temple: looking up, looking at the magnificent and noble of the "algae well"; side-view, the vertical and horizontal vision of the "drawing arch"; Touching the clever thinking of "splicing the column"... From the physical principle to the aesthetic taste, the ancients have everything in mind, and they are perfect and dripping. The architectural characteristics influenced Japan's introduction of Buddhism as an opportunity. Japan began to accept the advanced culture of the Tang and Song Dynasties, especially through the evangelism, words, laws, architecture, sculpture, painting, and crafts, which brought earth-shaking changes to Japan at that time. The architectural characteristics of Baoguo Temple also influenced the architectural form of Japan at that time. "The rise of the East Temple is also the world's prosperity; the decline of the East Temple is also the decline of the world." In the middle of the 8th century, the Japanese Emperor Shengwu emperor and the Tang official temple system also established a system of one country and one temple. At that time, Japan was divided into more than 60 countries, and it established more than sixty temples, known as Kokubunji. In the spring of 743 AD, Emperor Shengwu released a script to establish the Kokusaiji Temple (commonly known as Todai-ji Temple) in the eastern suburbs of Hiraizumi (Nara). In 746 AD, a large bronze Buddha with a height of 16 meters and a weight of 444 tons was cast. In 756, the Great Buddha Hall was built. Nara Todaiji, which is called "Japan's No. 1" and "World's No. 1" by the Japanese, exists as a symbol of ancient Japan. Xu Xuemin said: "The plum stone used to build the Todai-ji Temple in Japan is delicate and sturdy. It is the building material of the east and west of Jiangsu and Zhejiang." The magnificent Nara Dongda Temple Buddha and the Great Hall were all destroyed in the fire in the first month of 1180. The restoration of the year 1882 was re-established by the Japanese heavy source monk committee and invited Chen Heqing, a master of the Southern Song Dynasty (now Ningbo). Ningbo ancient craftsmen have a more efficient integration with local architecture and architectural techniques and Japanese culture. Chen Heqing is not only a famous architect in eastern Zhejiang, but also a famous sculptor. The stone lion of the South Gate of Dongda Temple was carved in 1196 by Chen Heqing and then transported Meiyuan Stone from Ningbo (Mingzhou). Today, these buildings and stone carvings are now national treasures of Japan and are listed on the World Cultural Heritage Protection List. With the extension of the "sea silk road", when the local culture of the local culture, the culture of the Central Plains, and the primitive marine culture are gathered together, the long-term contact and integration process will form the opening of Ningbo people to accept the culture of inclusive culture. I am satisfied with the inclusiveness of seeking common ground while reserving differences. In the early 20th century, Mr. Liang Qichao vividly described the evolution of Chinese history as three periods of "China's China", "China's China" and "China of the World". The birth, development and decline of the "Maritime Silk Road" is the epitome of China's "China from Asia" to "China in the world." The wind is fixed and the fragrance is deep. When the thousand-year-old bells in the Guguo Temple Drum Tower are deep and melodious, the unique corners and grandeur of the inner corners of this temple have already blended with the civilization and the ocean.