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Ningbo Education Museum (funding) research certification 2014-11-13


Yesterday, the author learned from the Ningbo Education Museum (funding) that several studies have confirmed that in the Chinese Imperial Examination to the Qing Dynasty, there were 13 Ningbo “education ministers” – the first in Zhejiang Province. The discovery of this historical material has filled a big gap in the history of education in Ningbo. It is understood that from the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, the Guozijian was the highest institution and educational administrative institution sponsored by the central government. Its chief executive called "the ritual wine", which is equivalent to the current Minister of Education. According to the textual research, among the 13 “sacred wines”, Jixian County ranked first, accounting for 6 places, followed by Yuyao 5 and Cixi 2. Among the 13 "sacred wines" of the Ruan Ji, there are actually two pairs of fathers and sons who "sacrifice the wine", which is called the spectacle of the imperial examination. Judging from the textual research, Ningbo’s first Guozijian’s “sacrifice wine” was the Fengxi in the Northern Song Dynasty, and the people of Jixian County, Jiayou four years of scholars. In the Southern Song Dynasty, Ningbo had three "sacred wines", namely Yuan Zhen, Yuan Yu and his son, and Zhang Wei of Cixi. In the Ming Dynasty, Ningbo ranked in the forefront of the national imperial examinations, and there were 8 “sacred wines”: Cixi Chen Jingzong, Yuyao Huang Wei, Sun Sheng and Sun Yi and his sons, Lu Ben, Hu Zhengmeng, Zhang Junqi and Yu Youding. The last Ningbo-based "sacred wine" was the Zhang Jun of Jixian County in the Qing Dynasty. In 1852 (the second year of Xianfeng), the first place in the first class of the scholars in the Zhang Shue Imperial Examination was the champion, and was commissioned by the Hanlin Academy. After presiding over Sichuan and Guangxi township trials, he served as a tester and Shuntianfu test examiner; "Followed Fujian, Guangdong Xuezheng, Jianyi School 10, to promote the people's style with Guanghua. The official end of the 'sacrifice wine', with hard work." Ningbo In the Tianyi Pavilion, Zhangye’s “Zhuangyuan Hall”, which was moved from Xihe Street in 1994, also has its bamboo book screen. There is also a couplet in the Qita Temple.