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Resetting the back of the monument of Ningbo Tianzhu Palace 2018-06-12


The site of the Tianzhu Palace in Jiangxia Street (photo by Zhou Jianping) As one of the series of activities of the “Culture and Natural Heritage Day” of Ningbo in 2018, the unveiling ceremony of the site of the Tianzhu Palace in Ningbo will be held. The monument is 2.4 meters high and is made of bluestone. It is divided into a pedestal, a tower body, a lamp body and a lamp tower. Carved with the image of Mazu, the inscription on the inscription introduces the site of the Tianzhu Palace. Mazu, also known as the Scorpio, Tin Hau, the Virgin Mary, etc., was originally an ordinary woman of the Fuzhou Yutianyu in the Northern Song Dynasty, surnamed Lin Mingmo, and gradually evolved into a maritime protector and a folk god. The spread of Mazu culture, which contains the spirit of the sea, is so widespread that it is rare in the world. It is reported that there are more than 6,000 Mazu temples in the world, distributed in more than 30 countries and regions. As early as the 1980s, UNESCO awarded the title of "Goddess of Peace of the World" to Mazu; in September 2009, UNESCO reviewed and approved the resolution on the inclusion of "Mazu believers" in the World Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. . Ningbo, a river-sea combined transport, has a close relationship with Mazu culture. In the Southern Song Dynasty, Fujian merchants established the “Lingci Temple” (Tianzhu Palace) outside Dongdumen. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, Jiangxia Street Tianzhu Palace became the largest Mazu ritual and industry gathering place in Ningbo City. The Qing'an Hall, which was built in the 30th year of Qing Daoguang (1850), is both a place for foreigners to entertain and entertain in history, as well as a temple to worship Mazu. The establishment of the Tianzhu Palace site was based on a proposal by Xu Weimin, deputy chairman of the Ningbo Municipal Committee of the Zhi Gong Dang. He proposed the "Proposal on the Establishment of the Mark Monument at the Tianzhu Palace Site" at a meeting of the 15th National People's Congress. "In 1996, in order to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the publication of Ningbo's historical and cultural city, Ningbo was born the first batch of historical and cultural sites, located at the intersection of Dongdu Road and Jiangxia Street in Haishu District. After thousands of years of vicissitudes, it is closely related to the Maritime Silk Road. Song, Yuan, Ningbo, Tianzhu Palace, is ranked first." Xu Weimin said. Since the Northern Song Dynasty, Mazu has gone from being a secluded place to the sea, and has experienced the rise of the dynasty. As for the "Tianhou" sect of the country and the control of the four seas, it has been produced in the fields of politics, economy, culture and people's lives. It has an extremely wide and profound influence, which is closely related to Mazu’s spirit of "save good deeds and give up the righteousness". She represents the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation and the embodiment of human beings, truth, goodness and beauty. In Xu Weimin's view, as a port city and a historical and cultural city, Ningbo shoulders the historical mission of inheriting and upgrading the beliefs including Mazu. "What we carry today is not only the legacy, experience and wisdom of the ancestors, but more important. It is also necessary to carry forward the past and the future, especially in the current “One Belt, One Road” initiative to play the role of Mazu culture. It is inevitable that a city that retains history will be respected by history.” Ningbo Culture, Radio, Film and Television Press and Publication Bureau in 2017 On August 10, he replied to the No. 645 proposal of the First Session of the 15th National People's Congress. He believed that the proposal to reset the ruins of the site at the original site of the Tianzhu Palace was in line with the protection requirements of historical and cultural sites, and also reflected the importance that Ningbo attached to the inheritance of Mazu culture. At the same time, the implementation of the Ningbo Municipal Cultural Relics Protection Management Office and the Haishu District Cultural Broadcasting and Television Press and Publication Bureau jointly handled the matter. Second, “Ningbo was one of the earliest important areas to accept and pass on the Mazu faith. There were more than 200 Tianhou Palaces. The Mazu belief originated in Fujian, but Mazu went from the private worship to the official maritime protection god, which is related to Ningbo. It was derived from a maritime diplomatic activity from the Mingzhou Port during the Northern Song Dynasty Xuanhe.” Huang Zhesu, deputy director of the Ningbo Cultural Relics Protection Management Institute, is an expert on Mazu culture research. She is also the curator of the Qing’an Club. In the Northern Song Dynasty Huizong Xuanhe five years (1123), two "Shenzhou" and six "passenger boats" built by Dingdi and Jinhai (now Zhenhai) were used to make Goryeo from Mingzhou (Ningbo). When I came back, I passed through Huang Shuiyang, and suddenly encountered a violent wind and waves. At the critical moment, Lu Yundi and others prayed to Mazu, and finally arrived in Mingzhou Dinghai after five nights. In the case of the dynasty, the Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty slammed the forest to the "Mrs. Shuji" and gave the temple a "Shunji". "Shunji" is the name of a ship built by the Zhaobaoshan Shipyard in the first year of Song Shenzong Yuanfeng (1078). This is the first time that Mazu was enshrined by the emperor. Since then, the emperors have gradually upgraded Mazu’s seal. The 14 emperors of the four dynasties successively sealed 36 times for Mazu, from "Mrs." "Scorpio" to "Days of Heaven" to "Mother of Heaven", with a maximum of 64 characters. In the fifty-three years of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1788), the Mazu Temple was enshrined in the spring and autumn seasons. The Mazu believers were listed as national ceremonies, and were listed as the three major Chinese ceremonies together with the Shaanxi Huangdi Mausoleum and the Shandong Festival. As a result, Mazu rose to the worship of the nation's gods, and Mazu believes that it becomes a cultural phenomenon. Huang Zhesu said that Ningbo's Mazu belief began in the late Northern Song Dynasty, originated from the Fujian merchants who had been doing business in Ningbo, and thrived in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. The first Tianzhu Palace in Ningbo was built by Shen Fazhong, the owner of Fujian Putian in the Southern Song Dynasty. Shen Fazhen was in distress in the South China Sea, because he prayed for Mazu in time to save his life. After returning to Ningbo, he donated his home in Dongdu Road as a temple, added some official land, and donated money to raise the public. This gave birth to the first Mazu Temple (Scorpio Palace) in eastern Zhejiang. The statue of Mazu in the temple came from the Furama Temple in Putian. “The Scorpio Palace was the place where the crew sacrificed maritime protection to the gods and the villagers. It was also a historical testimony of Ningbo’s ancient overseas transportation trade.” The Tianzhu Palace was rebuilt in the first year of the Yuan Emperor’s reign (1312) and rebuilt in the Kangxi reign of the Qing Dynasty. In the five years of Yongzheng (1727), the nickname "Tianhou Palace" gradually expanded in size and the building was more magnificent, and even became a giant in the city. In the middle of the 19th century, a large number of Western missionaries, merchants and travelers came to Ningbo to marvel at the magnificent architectural style and exquisite carving charm of the Tianzhu Palace. The German architect St. Pershman also photographed it extremely precious. Photo. In 1949, the Scorpio Palace was destroyed in the war. In August 1982, the cultural relics department carried out archaeological excavations on the site of the Tianzhu Palace, and cleared the architectural relics of the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, such as the palace gate, the pool, the stone bridge, the main hall, and the wing room. Sanhuang Zhesu said that the Yuan Dynasty was a crucial period for the spread of Mazu belief. Qingyuan Port is not only the main port of China's trade with Japan and Korea, but also an important port for Beiyang. In the Yuan Dynasty, the river otter was replaced by Haitang, and Qingyuan Port was the starting port for the grain and northern transportation. Based on this special traffic status, Ningbo's Mazu beliefs are particularly valued. It was also in the Yuan Dynasty that the Mazu belief spread to a wider space under the dual drive of the ocean and the maritime Silk Road. As the main development of Mazu culture, Ningbo merchants and fishermen built the Tianhou Palace in the middle of the Ming Dynasty and flourished in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. The Beiyang Shipu Merchants (namely "North") was built in the Tiandong Palace of the Eastern Three Years (1853). It is the largest and most famous Tianhou Palace. The Tianhou Palace is also known as the "Qing'an Hall". On the south side, there is another “Anzhen Hall” built by the Nanyang Ship Merchants (namely “South”) during the Qing Dynasty. The two halls will hold grand ceremonies on important days such as the birth of Mazu, and various local dramas will be held on the stage. Qing'an Hall is one of the eight major Tianhou Palaces and seven congregations in China. It is one of the two ancient buildings in the south of the Yangtze River. In 2001, the Qing'an Guild Hall was announced by the State Council as the fifth batch of national key cultural protection units. In 2014, as an important heritage of China's Grand Canal (Ning Band), Qing'an Hall became the first world cultural heritage site in Ningbo. Huang Zhesu said that for thousands of years, Mazu’s customs have been integrated with local characteristics in the process of communication, leaving a very rich cultural heritage. In addition to a large number of Mazu temples, it also includes ritual rituals, architectural inscriptions, paintings, etc., as well as colorful folklore and folk customs, covering economics, culture, science and technology, and art. Qing'an Hall is a model of modern wood structure in eastern Zhejiang. The hall is located in the east and west, with a large scale and covers an area of ​​about 5,000 square meters. The existing buildings on the central axis include Gongmen, Yimen, the front stage, the main hall, the rear stage, the apse, the left and right wing rooms, the ear room and the auxiliary room. It has more than 1,000 pieces of Zhujin woodcarvings, more than 200 pieces of brick carvings and stone carving handicrafts, which embodies the highest level of “three carvings” in Zhejiang Province in the Qing Dynasty. The Qing'an Guild Hall is also the first maritime folk museum in the country. The Qing'an Hall holds the Mazu Sacrifice Festival every year, and carries out Mazu cultural exchanges, Mazu cultural handicraft ideas and exhibition activities with Fujian and Taiwan to promote the promotion and inheritance of Mazu culture. At the beginning of May, the "cross-strait Mazu family" - the 1058th anniversary of Mazu's birthday and the cultural exchange activities between Fujian and Taiwan were held in the Qing'an Hall. While inheriting the Mazu beliefs, they actively integrated into the harmonious society and continued to promote the cultural heritage. The use of "live".