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Interview with the famous flute player Du Rusong: The Hemudu bone flute that was blown by him thousands of years ago 2018-06-14


The bone whistle flute is the first person to blow the Hemu cross bone flute. He regained the Chinese taste for the long-lost shakuhachi. He is the art general counsel of the famous Chinese flute player Du Rusong and the newly established “Nanlin Pavilion” in Ningbo. On June 10, heavy rain did not stop everyone's enthusiasm for folk music. A group of people who can especially "blow" gather in the Nanlin Pavilion on the west bank of Yuehu Lake, sharing the famous flute player, the director of the National Music Department of the Zhejiang Conservatory of Music, Mr. Du Rusong, the vice chairman of the Zhejiang Music Association, and Gao Zu Tu Jingnan and Han Huihui. The "Traditional Culture and National Wind Music" academic report and performances brought by the Department. The pottery figurines unearthed from the Hemudu site were the first to blow the Hemudu bone flute, the flute, the dragonfly, the Yanfei, and the shakuhachi. At the report, Du Rusong elaborated on the origin and status quo of various traditional Chinese musical instruments. "After 7,000 years ago, the ancestors of Hemudu could blow the bone whistle and the bone flute, and there were more than one hundred and six precious bone flutes unearthed. This is the earliest flute in the world. The flutes are mostly used. Made of bone, 6 to 10 cm long and about 1 cm in diameter. Most of them are 2 sound holes, 1 hole and 3 holes. There are also 1 blow hole and 6 sounds. The bone flute of the hole, which is almost exactly the same as today's bamboo flute." Du Rusong said that the flute may originate from Hemudu, and he himself has a relationship with Hemudu. "In 1978, CCTV came to Zhejiang to interview the bone flute from the Hemudu site. The program team found my teacher, Mr. Zhao Songting. So the teacher brought me and my brother. The three went to the Zhejiang Provincial Museum. The staff took out Hemudu. Unearthed bone flute, ask, can you play?" This is the first time that Du Rusong saw the calcified bone flute, and it was the only one that was preserved intact at that time. Zhao Songting and his brother played a little, and they didn’t make a sound. It was Du Rusong's turn. "I took it over and found that each hole was not round, but with the traces of hand-grinding. I felt that I couldn't blow with the usual angle, so I changed the angle and breath." Sure enough, Du Rusong blew the bone flute that had been silent for thousands of years! "Fortunately, I was the first person to blow the Hemu Crossbone! The voice is very sweet and very penetrating. Moreover, its pitch is particularly accurate." Unfortunately, 10 years later, Du Rusong went to Hemudu to shoot "Original Hunting Map", the six-hole bone flute can no longer be found in the museum. Later, when I performed, I used a copy copied by Zhao Songting. Many people think that 埙 originated from the north. In fact, the earliest cockroaches in China were also excavated at the Hemudu site in Yuyao. It is a pottery urn, oval, with only blow holes and no sound holes, about seven thousand years ago. Du Rusong said with emotion: "Ningbo has a profound and excellent history and culture, and it should be carried forward. This time, the flute player Tu Jingnan and the calligrapher Lin Bangde jointly initiated the establishment of the 'Nanlin Pavilion', which can take the opportunity to bring the music culture of Hemudu. Excavate it well.” It is reported that Du Rusong has been invited to serve as the general counsel of the “Nanlin Pavilion”. Du Rusong is telling the shakuhachi that the long-lost shakuhachi returns to his hometown. In addition to the traditional flute, there are other kinds of flutes in history: Yan Feiying and Shakuhachi. Du Rusong explained and wrote the Yan Fei's "Yan Nanfei" and the shakuhachi "Fishing Flute". "Yanfeiyu" is also called "Tongfu Shuangdi". It is the teacher of Du Rusong, Zhao Songting and Mr. Zhao Songling. According to the records of the Tang and Song Dynasties and the image on the murals, they have been copied and researched for ten years. They will name the successful instruments. For the "Yanfeiyu", the scientific name is "same tube two flute", the effect of playing is like a slap, not like a whistle, there is a unique and elegant beauty. According to Du Rusong, the blowing hole of "Yanfeiyu" is in the middle and needs to be blown. Because of his modest humility and elegant tone, "the sound and harmony" is very popular with the royal family, which makes it become an important musical instrument in the court's music after the Qin and Han dynasties, but the folks rarely use it. The other instrument, the Shakuhachi, is even more legendary. The shakuhachi is made of bamboo root and is named after a one-eighth inch tube. The shakuhachi originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty. It was used as a court instrument in the Tang Dynasty and gradually lost. However, in the Zhengcang Courtyard of Dongda Temple in Nara, Japan, eight Tang-style shakuhachis were also preserved in the Tang Dynasty. More than 1300 years ago, Shakuhachi was passed to Japan as a musical instrument playing the Tang Dynasty. In the Kamakura period, the Zen monk of the Puhua sect of Japan came to Hangzhou to protect the country from the Wang Temple in the Han Dynasty. In the meantime, he encountered the Zhang Jian, a ruler of the age, and learned the shakuhachi skills and brought them back to Japan. After the shakuhachi came to Japan, it was well inherited and developed, and formed several major schools such as "Qin Guliu", "Dushan Stream" and "Dark and Dark on the Mountain Stream". The monks also used the shakuhachi as a way of meditation, called "blowing meditation." Du Rusong recalled: "It is very good to say that I am with the shakuhachi. At that time, our Zhejiang Art School was in Huanglong Cave, Hangzhou. There is a stone tablet at the entrance of the dining hall with the words 'protecting the country' on the opposite side, and the opposite is the home of Zhao Songting's teacher. We have never paid attention to this stone monument, only know that this area used to be a temple. In the winter of 1978, a Japanese person found this stone tablet and took a flute-like instrument and smashed it in front of Teacher Zhao Songting. I know that this is the shakuhachi, and the place is the origin of the Japanese shakuhachi.” Du Rusong later began to study the shakuhachi with Zhao Songting with the Japanese. After persisting for many years, he felt that what he had to do was to find the Chinese taste of the shakuhachi. "Restoring and inheriting the traditional Chinese instrumental music is our responsibility." Listening to Du Rusong's "Fishing Flute", compared to the high and crisp of the flute, the soft, light and elegant, the shakuhachi is a bit more desolation, far away, the mood is empty, the Zen is far away... The shakuhachi has returned Its hometown.