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Yangming Xinxue and Ningbo Regional Culture 2018-09-06


The relationship between Yangming Xinxue and Ningbo regional culture is not only a historical proposition, but also a realistic subject. As the hometown of Wang Yangming, Ningbo vigorously promotes Yangming's psychology, which is to play its positive role in building Ningbo's modern culture and promoting Ningbo's high-quality development. Ningbo should further strengthen the study of Wang Yangming's psychology, prosper and promote academic culture; on the basis of inheriting the spirit of Ningbo, Yangming Xinxue is regarded as an important resource and support for reshaping Ningbo's entrepreneurial spirit and corporate culture. Yangming's Xinxue Huitong Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, its influence throughout East Asian civilization, is one of the most precious spiritual and cultural heritages that Chinese traditional cultural thoughts contribute to humanity. As the hometown of Yangming, Ningbo is not only the germination place of Yangming Xinxue, but also the output of Yangming Xinxue affecting East Asian civilization. Its regional culture and Yangming Xinxue are inextricably linked and interacted. First, Yangming Xinxue is the first peak of Ningbo's academic culture. Ningbo's academic culture was opened to the south by the Tang Dynasty. He studied the history of the world and wrote the "Emperor's Theory". The initial development of Ningbo academic culture in the Northern Song Dynasty. Yang Shi, Du Alcohol, Wang Zhi, Wang Shuo, Lou Yu, who are known as "Mr. Qing Li Wu", lectured on Song Renzong during the Qing Dynasty and introduced Hu Min’s thoughts to Ningbo. The whole ancestor pointed out: "I have since the beginning of the Qing Dynasty." The academic culture of Ningbo has been greatly developed during the Southern Song Dynasty. Lu Jiuyuan’s psychology was known as "Shang Shangsi", Shu Wei, Shen Huan, Yuan.燮, Yang Jian Dingli advocates to carry forward, and is unique in Ningbo. Among them, Yang Jian’s achievements in psychology are the most eye-catching. In addition, famous scholars such as Huang Zhen and Wang Yinglin have appeared. In the middle of the Ming Dynasty, Wang Yangming succeeded Mencius's thoughts, developed Xiangshan Xinxue, Cihu Xinxue and Baisha Xinxue, and gathered Song and Ming Xinxue and Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, and established a more refined and complete system of mind--Yangming Xinxue. Put Ningbo on the position of an unprecedented academic center. At that time, Yuyao had Wang Yangming’s first disciple, Xu Ai and Wang Yangming, one of the two high-ranking Qian Dehong and Sun Yingkui, Guanzhou, Xu Shan, Xu Tianze and many other disciples. Wang Xianming’s disciple Wang Yingpeng and Wang Yu As well as privately-disciplined disciples, Cixi has a private disciple, such as Yan Whale. Wang Yangming also lectured in the Zhongtian Pavilion of Longquan Mountain in Yuyao in his later years. As Yu Qiuyu pointed out, Yao Jiang scholars represented by Wang Yangming "are in the position of the commanding heights of Chinese culture in the intensity and depth of thinking." Second, Yangming Xinxue's guiding role in Ningbo's academic culture towards the second peak In the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, Yangming's Xinxue continued to be passed down in the Yaojiang Academy, represented by Shen Guomo and Shao Tingcai, and more importantly. In terms of Huang Zongxi, he opened and promoted Ningbo's academic culture to another peak. Huang Zongxi took Liu Zongzhou as his teacher and belonged to the revision school of Yangming Xinxue. He absorbed the essence of Wang Yangming's and Liu Zongzhou's philosophy, and made a systematic and theoretical reflection on the ontological work theory of the mind, and raised the traditional "workman" category to "the work of the work, that is, the ontology". The category of "ontology" is an ideological and theoretical preparation for the history of Ningbo's academic culture from the core of the mind to the more "history of the world". He has lectured in Ningbo and Yuyao for a long time, and gradually formed his own ideology system. He created and cultivated a Zhedong school with him as the first-class scholar including Vance, Vance and Quanzu. The characteristic of this school is that it emphasizes both the history and the history, and it is very different from the school of the Kaojia test which is blindly studying the pile of paper. The Zhedong School, which was initiated by Huang Zongxi by the revision of Yangming's psychology, has become another peak of Ningbo's academic culture. Third, the inner relationship between Yangming's thought of mind and the spirit of Ningbo's gang is rich in content and profound in connotation, but the basic is three aspects: First, the subject consciously - the internal motivation for the upward improvement of life. He proposed "the way of saints, self-sufficiency", "the heart is the rational", the body of conscience, and the status of "human", the main body of "heart", has been elevated to an unprecedented height in Chinese history, fully affirmed. The individuality, subjectivity, morality and individual's initiative, consciousness and freedom. The second is to use "conscience" as the fundamental way to improve life. "My heart's conscience is the so-called heavenly principle, and the mystery of my heart is in the matter of things, and everything is done in the matter." "Wu Pingsheng gave lectures, but only to the conscience." The third is to use the "integration of knowing and doing" as the concrete practice of life improvement. Although Yangming’s thoughts on the mind of the mind have the disadvantages of emptiness, it is still practical. Wang Yangming emphasized that "knowledge is the beginning of the line, and the line is the foundation of knowledge." It advocates "the progress of knowing and doing things" and "the tempering of things". While emphasizing the consciousness of moral behavior, it also pays attention to the practicality of moral consciousness. "Do not practice is not enough to learn", "Knowing is not done, just unknown", the essence of which is to promote the practice. Therefore, Zhang Xuecheng once said that "Yang Ming got it for the merits." Whether it is the fundamental method of subjective consciousness, internal conscience, or the practice of "integration of knowing and doing", it is a cultural value orientation that advocates self-motivation, pragmatic integrity. Ningbo Gang formed during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. It has become more and more active in modern times. It has stood out among many business gangs. Together with Guangdong merchants, Huishang merchants and Shanxi merchants, it is the four major business groups in China, and it is the largest and most abundant in China since modern times. Representative business group. Mr. Sun Yat-sen pointed out 100 years ago: "There are no shackles in my country, that is, European countries, and there are many business footprints. Their influence and ability are great, and they are second to none." Ningbo helps in its own development process. In the middle, it has formed a unique spirit of Ningbo, that is, the spirit of vigor and prosperity, the spirit of down-to-earth, hard work and dedication, the spirit of innovation and the spirit of innovation, and the pragmatic spirit of stressing and pragmatism. The credibility of the credibility and the rules. It is with these spirits that Ningbo people from Ningbo to Shanghai, Hong Kong and the rest of the world, a group of Ningbo gang representatives such as Bao Yugang, Shao Yifu, Wang Kuancheng, Cao Guangyu and Li Dasan emerged. The spirit of Ningbo's help, the essence of it is the cultural value orientation of self-motivation and pragmatic integrity that fits in with Yangming's thoughts on mind. This intrinsic fit shows that Yang Ming’s psychology has a spiritual lead role for the later Ningbo Gang. It should be pointed out that Yangming Xinxue also provided a unique spiritual support for the development of Ningbo Gang. Wang Yangming started from his psychological point of view and put forward the "four people of different industries and the same way". Huang Zongxi made a creative transformation and put forward a more resounding theory of "business and industry", which opened up the spiritual shackles for Ningbo people to freely engage in business and industry. (The author is the president of the Municipal Academy of Social Sciences, the chairman of the Municipal Social Science Association, and the head of the research and innovation team of Ningbo Wang Yangming)