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Tianyi Pavilion's 9 kinds of Ming Dynasty township trials for the first time "out of the cabinet" 2013-03-19


The nine Ming Dynasty township trials of Tianyi Pavilion were selected into Beijing and participated in the “National Precious Ancient Books Special Exhibition” held in the National Library in the middle of this month. Tian Yige’s township test record is famous. The famous literary scholar Zhao Wanli once said: “There are more incompetent places than the Tianyi Pavilion in the Ming Dynasty’s “Deng Ke Lu”.” Just these precious ancient books Has been raised in the "deep". This time, I went to Beijing and used the statement of Rao Guoqing, director of the Collection Research Department of Tianyi Pavilion Museum, to say, “It is the first time to show its true content in front of the world.” It is reported that in Hangzhou, the only Hangzhou Library and Tianyi Pavilion Museum are exhibiting at the same time. Two units, while Hangtu has only one kind of ancient books. ▲The copy of the Xuande first year of Fujian Province, which was exhibited in Beijing. ▲The first year of Jingtai in Beijing to participate in the trial of Tianfu Township. Tianyi Pavilion is called the "treasure bowl" of the section. China's imperial examination system has been in existence for more than 1300 years since its inception. The preservation of its literature is the most complete in the Ming Dynasty, and 80% of the existing Ming Dynasty records are collected in Tianyi Pavilion. Last year, Tianyi Pavilion packaged 273 kinds of Ming Dynasty township test records to declare the "fourth list of national precious ancient books" and was successfully selected. This move also pioneered the "package declaration", which was cited as a beautiful talk in the ancient books. "Selected in the "Fourth National Catalogue of Precious Ancient Books" is the 'knocking block' of this exhibition. Usually only the selected list is eligible to participate." Rao Guoqing told reporters that the exhibits were from the 273 Ming Dynasty townships. Carefully selected. The reporter learned that the nine Ming Dynasty township test records are all isolated. In terms of time span, Xuande first year, Jingtai first year, Tianshun six years, Chenghua sixteen, Hongzhi eight years, Zhengde two years, Jiajing seven years, Longqing four years, Wanli first year, nine subjects were selected. In the above, the township trials of nine regions including Fujian, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shandong, Shuntian, Yingtian, Henan, Shanxi and Guizhou were selected. Among the participating township test records, it is especially worth mentioning that Wanli’s first year of Guangdong Province’s test record. “The blueprint of Wanli is very rare,” said Zhou Huihui, a staff member of the Collection Research Department of Tianyige Museum. According to her explanation, an ancient book is usually printed several times, dozens or even dozens. The original printed book is called the "first print", and it is generally used in red and blue. After proofreading without errors, it was officially printed in large quantities in black. "The 'blueprint' is originally rare, and the blueprint of the Ming Dynasty is even more precious." The Xuande first year of the Xuande first year of Fujian Province was called "the most typical Tianyige manuscript" by Zhou Huihui. Zhao Wanli once said that no matter where it is, no matter how it changes its face, "I can still recognize the version of 'Tianyige' at a glance." Zhou Huihui told reporters: "The Tianyige manuscript has several characteristics, such as the back pack, The root of the book has a title, the paper is white cotton paper, etc. These transcripts are copied by the actor of the Tianyi Pavilion, and the form is relatively uniform." What is more interesting is the Zhejiang Province township test record of the Jiajing seven years of participation in the exhibition. "This section is the document where Fan Qin participated in the township test, which is quite representative." Zhou Huihui said. The “National Precious Ancient Books Special Exhibition” was held for 4 sessions, and Tianyi Pavilion will participate in every session, and the number of ancient books exhibited this time is the highest in history. "These nine Ming Dynasty township trials have been raised in the 'deep squatting'." Rao Guoqing said, "This is the first time to get out of the warehouse, and it is also the first time in front of the world to open its mystery." Precious ancient books "going out of the door", naturally have someone to escort . "We went to four people, two staff members of the Collection Research Department, and two young guards." Rao Guoqing told reporters. “It’s very nervous.” Although it’s not the first time to escort ancient books, Yuan Hui, a researcher at the Department of Collection Studies, said frankly, “The whole escort process, a heart has been hanging.” For safety, these treasures are the first time to “go far” By train, "the ancient books can not leave at any time. At night, I locked the door and went to sleep. Even if I put the ancient books on the pillow, I wouldn’t dare to close my eyes." Yuan Hui said that until the moment he entered the National Library, four people were carrying The heart really fell down.