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“Non-legacy”: the pioneering work of living heritage 2013-03-28


The legends of Shanglin Lake, powder molding, craft bamboo weaving, hoop crafts, gong dance, chuanchuan book, puppet wrestling, water fire meteor... These terms are unfamiliar to many people, these folk literature rooted in Ningbo land, Intangible cultural heritage such as craftsmanship, folk art, folk dance, and traditional sports seem to be a long-term memory, far from the modern urban life. However, in many primary and secondary school campuses in Ningbo, more and more young people are attracted to them, paying attention to, learning and inheriting these ancient intangible cultural heritage. All of this is due to the “non-legacy campus” activities launched by the cultural department of the city. What is the protection and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage? people. Indeed, there must be people singing, dancing to be jumped, crafts to be made... Intangible cultural heritage depends on the human being. It uses sound, image and skill as a means of expression, and it is passed on as a cultural chain. Continuation is a “living” culture. It is the most vulnerable part of traditional culture. Therefore, for non-genetic inheritance, human inheritance is particularly important. Ningbo's “non-legacy campus” activity is to use students as the main body of non-genetic inheritance. It is not only temporary and short-term, but also allows non-legacy to enter campus exhibitions, exhibitions, performances, lectures, etc., and establish non-genetic inheritance bases in schools. The full-time teachers carry out continuous and normalized teaching activities in the school, implant non-legacy projects into campus life, and compile teaching materials suitable for students of different grades, and combine them with art, music, sports, moral education and other local cultures. Convergence, forming a unique campus culture, let the flowers of the legacy bloom on campus. At present, 36 of the 171 non-legacy projects in the city have been placed in kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, vocational schools and universities, and 12 of them have been included in the list of provincial non-genetic inheritance teaching bases. There are 7 categories of traditional art, traditional dance, folk literature, traditional sports and acrobatics, folk music, traditional drama, and traditional craftsmanship. “The 'Non-Going to Campus' activity provides a platform for Ningbo's non-genetic inheritance to lay the foundation for the search for potential inheritors among young students in addition to serving the modern society. At the same time, primary and secondary school students are stunned. The acceptance of the local traditional culture and education has enhanced their love for local culture. For the school, the infiltration of the intangibles not only enriches the students' campus life, but also helps to further promote the quality in primary and secondary schools. Education, the school also uses this to form a unique campus culture." The relevant person in charge of the Ningbo Cultural Department evaluated the "non-legacy campus" activities. "Moonlight, silver, and blue waves", "Du Qimei is very kind, help me to grind", "I am a good starter"... In Wangjiang Primary School, Gaoqiao Town, Yinzhou District, there are two afternoons every week, on campus. Resounding the melody of the classic singer "Tianlu Girl", "Du Fu", "Jiu Jin Girl", and the melody of the singer's singer, the students of the school pipa community under the guidance of the teacher have a scene of learning to sing and training. Unique scenery. As a Ningbo drama with a long history and rich accumulation, it has evolved from the rural Tiantou folk songs and sings news, reflecting the aesthetics and values ​​of Ningbo people, and was included in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage. . In order to better inherit the drama art that reflects the regional cultural characteristics of Ningbo, the drama focuses on the inheritance of primary and secondary schools, and carries out the activities of the drama into the campus. It has successively been in Yucai Primary School in Jiangbei District and Wangjiang Primary School in Gaoqiao Town, Yinzhou District. The “National Intangible Cultural Heritage Base” was established to allow traditional drama to “live” on campus. Since April 2011, Wangjiang Primary School has cooperated with the Ningbo Opera Troupe to carry out the research on the study of the inheritance and development of the opera culture in rural areas, and compiled the first textbook of the children's drama in the city, "Xiang Yun" and " Ningbo Dialect Simple Learning, also invited the professional teacher of the drama, from the beginning to teach the children Ningbo, vocal, body. When you come to Wangjiang Elementary School, you can feel the culture of the drama that comes from the face: the campus wall is full of various dramas, famous portraits, etc.; the campus broadcasts the classic arias of the opera every day; the school songs that the children sing It is a specially created drama version. In November 2011, Chen Luzhen and Lu Yongyuan sang the "Du Fu" singer in the CCTV drama channel "Happy Theatre" "Weekend Competition" won the silver medal; 2012 Lantern Festival, Li Yalin, Dai Jiali and Wei Ting's "Snail" "Girl" and "Half-Scissors" participated in the special performance of the CCTV drama channel "Noisy Lantern". Wang Honggang, the director of the troupe's troupe, is a full-time teacher of the inheritance base. He has been attending classes for the children every week for three consecutive years. He is deeply infected by the enthusiasm for the children to study hard. "The children have learned a lot, especially in many places. Children, they strive to overcome language barriers, start from learning drama, understand Ningbo local opera, understand Ningbo culture, it is commendable." President Bing Bingjun told reporters: "Now, most children in Wangjiang Primary School have mastered the knowledge of drama and gradually liked it. In the art of drama, a large number of parents have also been driven to begin to understand and pay attention to the drama.” Coincidentally, another drama in Ningbo, also listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage, is also harvesting The fruit of entering the campus. Since 2004, Xiaodong No. 1 Primary School in Yuyao has become a pilot unit of Yao Opera. After several years of hard work, the school has been awarded the provincial intangible cultural heritage inheritance base. In 2011, it was named “National China” by the Ministry of Education. Excellent cultural and artistic heritage school." Nowadays, everyone will sing Yao opera and win many awards in the city, provincial and national opera competitions. In addition, local art and non-legacy projects such as Luanchuan Book and Ningbo Commentary have also set up inheritance bases in Zhenhai District Vocational Education Center School and Dongqian Lake Tourism School, so that Ningbo traditional operas are rooted in schools and stay in the hearts of young people. Paper-cutting, powder molding, Ningbo peasant painting, mud (carving) plastic, bamboo carving, bamboo weaving, kite making, mud gold lacquer... These outstanding folk arts and crafts of Ningbo folks used to be like pearls, shining with dazzling brilliance . However, with the development of the times, they are gradually drifting away from modern life, and the inheritors are also facing the problem of aging. Nowadays, the “non-legacy” activities have made them vividly spread on campus. More and more primary and middle school students are familiar with and master their historical origins and technological processes, and let them embark on the road of modernization. In Yinzhou District, the inheritance bases of traditional art, handicrafts and other non-legacy projects are everywhere in the primary and secondary schools: Zhonghe Street Dongyu Primary School – the base of the lantern-making technology inheritance base, Jiangshan Town Experimental Middle School – the clay sculpture teaching base, stone Fengjia Primary School, the street, the teaching base of the gray sculpture teaching, Zhonggongmiao Middle School—the base of the clay sculpture and paper-cut teaching, the Gulin Township Primary School—the color line embroidery skill inheritance base, Hengxi Town Central Primary School— ——Hoop barrel art transfer base...The traditional art and crafts teaching with unique characteristics enriches the students' learning life and enhances the students' comprehensive quality. The kite is the intangible cultural heritage of Ningbo. The Zhuangqiao Street in Jiangbei District has become the “hometown of culture and art in Zhejiang Province” with its kite characteristics. Ningbo Huiyi Academy is the base of the kite project, and it also plays the “Busy Dongfeng Paper Roller”. Good play. Since September 2009, the school has opened a kite elective class, and invited Mr. Shao Guoqiang, who is known as the “first person” of Ningbo kites, to teach and present outstanding kites produced by students in the school culture corridor. During the class activities and sports activities, a kite flying competition will be held. Today, the history of Ningbo kite production is in good condition, and the old artists are relieved. Paper-cutting has been included in the municipal intangible cultural heritage list. The inheritance base of Caoyu Primary School in Xiaocao Town, Yuyao City has been recruiting Xu Yaojun, a folk paper-cut inheritor of Yuyao, and Xu Ai, a folk paper-cut inheritor of Xiao Cao, to systematically carry out paper-cut art education. Create a campus paper-cut culture. The student's paper-cut works were also broadcast on December 19, 2012, when CCTV's financial channel “Amoy Music”. While enjoying the infinite happiness brought by traditional paper-cutting art, paper-cutting, a long-established folk traditional art, has taken root in the campus. The non-genetic inheritance mode of “school-enterprise cooperation” created by Huang Cailiang, a national-level non-legacy project inventor, created a new way of thinking for “non-legacy”. Since 2007, Ningbo Oriental Art Co., Ltd. has cooperated with Ninghai No. 1 Vocational Middle School to set up a “Clay Gold Paint Technique Training Course” in the arts and crafts major. Huang Cailiang and Chen Long master personally wrote the syllabus and taught the skills. The students went to The company participated in physical production training, and outstanding students also went to the company for employment. In 2011, a provincial-level non-legacy project “Sickle Wood Carving” training course was opened. This "school-enterprise cooperation" model has created a gratifying prospect for the cultivation of non-genetic inheritance echelons, and has also expanded the influence of Ningbo's non-legacy. Six students from Wenzhong School of Huangzhong Vocational Middle School in Qinghai Province went to the non-genetic base of Oriental Art Co., Ltd. to study mud gold painting. Professor Liang Yi, director of the Department of Printmaking of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, made a special trip to the company to investigate and build the company's training base into China. The training base of the Department of Printmaking and Sculpture. This practice has also been praised by the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Education. Lu Xun, Vice Minister of Education, affirmed and promoted this practice in the National Development Zone Vocational Education Annual Conference in 2009: “The art of the nation and the culture of the people The folk crafts are passed down as professional education and become professional professions, and they are endowed with the characteristics of the times.” On April 18, 2012, Fenghua Senior High School students performed Fenghua in the hometown of Shakespeare. "Bron", disk, roll, swim, turn, jump, play... More than 40 action dragons and tigers, let the British open their eyes, but also let the school's "treasure of the town", a country with more than 800 years of history The level of non-legacy project Fenghua Bron is well known. As early as 2008, the school's student dragon team also traveled to Turkey to show the prestige of the "Oriental Dragon" at the Aegean Sea. The inheritance of Fenghua Bulong can be said to have been started from the dolls. Fenghua Technical School, Shangtian Middle School, Shangtian Town Central Primary School, Fenghua High School and other schools have established the Bron Heritage Base. Fenghua High School started from 2002 and used it as a special sports project. The student dragon team won dozens of honors such as the National Agricultural Games Silver Medal for the school. The latter was also specially recruited by Beijing Sports University for national sports. Professional specialties students. Now, the school has built a “five dragons” education system integrating “Dragon, Dragon, Dragon, Wulong and Jackie Chan”. More than 800 students have participated in the elective course of Fenghua Bron. The successful inheritance of Fenghua Bulong in Fenghua High School made the principal, Ying Weilong very happy. He said that the dragon dance education cultivated the students' unity and cooperation, struggling to improve the students' physical quality and aesthetic ability. As a successful case of “non-legacy campus”, Fenghua Bulong is now not only on the campus, but also in the Fenghua urban and rural areas. Fenghua now has more than 200 dragon dance teams. They combine with tourism to perform in various places. The Fenghua Bulong industry has also been greatly developed, bringing this vitality project to life and vitality. At 9:00 am every day at the playground of the Central Elementary School of Wuxiang Town, Yinzhou District, more than 1,000 students dressed in practice clothes and practiced the four-inner boxing, one stroke and one style, and the scene was spectacular. As a provincial intangible cultural heritage, Si Ming's inner boxing is derived from the Ming Dynasty Taoist Zhang Sanfeng. In the early Qing Dynasty, Huang Zongxi wrote "Wang Zhengnan's Epitaph", which commented on the inner family boxing. The folks also circulated various versions of the Siming inner boxing. The legend of killing the rich and helping the poor and defending the soil. After the introduction of this non-legacy project in Wuxiang Town Central Primary School in 2009, Xia Baofeng, the project's successor, compiled a set of internal boxing punches to promote the whole school. Principal Li Linghui summed up the benefits of students practicing internal boxing. "The inner boxing is to use the gas, the internal training is to strengthen the body; the internal boxing has the 'respect, diligence, tightness, diameter,' Cut 'etc. These are combined with the student's personal treatment to improve the students' mental state and moral literacy.” Today, Si Ming Inner Family has been introduced to Wuxiang Town Central Primary School, Beilun Taihe Middle School, Shenzhou Middle School, Ningbo University, etc. The campus, radiated by the school, has more than 2,000 people studying in Ningbo, and even attracted martial arts enthusiasts from the United States, Germany, South Korea and other countries to come to study. It has also been included in the national martial arts competition. In addition to Fenghua Bulong and Siming Neijiaquan, there are many traditional cultural and sports programs that enter the school, such as the dance of the Yumen Town Central Primary School in Yuyao City, the puppet wrestling, the Ninghai Lion Dance of Ninghai County First Vocational Middle School, Beilun The Beilun Temple in the Chaiqiao Experimental Primary School, the marquee in the Central Primary School of Hengjie Town, Yinzhou District, and the Zhapu Boat Drum in Zhenpu District Central School... The colorful sports activities decorate the colorful campus life and Let the non-legacy veins continue on the campus. (Photos are all photo photos) Ningbo University (traditional martial arts) Ningbo Yucai Primary School (甬剧) Xiangshan County Dancheng Second Primary School (paper-cut) Xiangshan County Juixi Vocational High School (fishing drum) Fenghua Fenghua High School (Fenghua)龙) Xiaoyao First Primary School, Yuyao City (Yao Opera) Yuyao Town Central Primary School (Puppet Wrestling) Yulan District Meishan Primary School (Shuiyu Mingquan) Wuzhou District Wuxiang Town Central Primary School (Neijiaquan) Zhenhai District Zhangpu Center School (Boat drum art) Ninghai County First Vocational Middle School (Clay Gold Paint) Fenghua City Technical School (Fenghua Bulong)