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Little Ningbo (3) Tianyi Pavilion
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Tianyi Pavilion is located in the urban area of ​​Ningbo. It is the earliest existing private library in China and one of the oldest existing libraries in Asia and one of the three largest family libraries in the world. (The other two are the Malatesta Library and the Medici Lorenzo Library in Italy)
Tianyi Pavilion was built in the middle of the Ming Dynasty. It was hosted by Fan Shiqin, the retired soldier at the time. The reason why Tianyi Pavilion was called Tianyi Pavilion was taken from the meaning of "Tianyishengshui" in the Book of Changes. , So as to avoid the greatest trouble in the history of books collection fire. When Fan Qin divided his heritage, he left Wanliang Silver and the Tianyi Pavilion library as the choice of two sons, and finally chose the eldest son of the Tianyi Pavilion, Fan Dachong, as the first-generation owner. He did all the management, preservation, and inheritance matters. Extreme, left a library of books, one for this huge China! The second son who chose silver is long gone.

Sure enough, it ’s “Tianyishengshui”. It ’s obviously cloudy. When I first entered the garden, Dongyu also came in on the heels and heels. The light rain was intermittent. Let ’s stop in the garden and completely slow down the rush. pace.
Fan Qin's official footprint has spread all over the country, which is very beneficial to his collection of ancient books. Everywhere he went, after work, he collected and sorted the precious ancient books inhabited by the people, and then transported them home. He is just right, and is not afraid of the power, such a character is doomed in the officialdom. After experiencing the ups and downs of the Erhai Lake, he resigned and returned to his hometown. He designed his own small garden to be exquisite and elegant, with pavilions, lakes and waterslides, and bamboo forests. There is no secular hustle and bustle, simple but not luxurious.

After 13 generations, Tianyi Pavilion has been preserved for more than 400 years, and it is inseparable from its extremely strict family rules. The Fan family stipulates that "there is no distinction between books and books, and no foreigner may enter the cabinet", etc. It is said that during the Jiaqing reign of Qing Dynasty, Qian Xiuyun, the niece of Qiu Tieqing, the prefecture of Ningbo, decided to marry Fan's family in order to see the Fan's collection. However, Fan's rules that prevented foreigners from entering the cabinet blocked her from the door of the library, and she never saw the Fan's collection. A few years later, Qian Xiuyun died of depression. Sighing love and happiness in life, but getting such an end, can not help but sigh. However, Fan's collection of books was not closed to all foreigners. During the Kangxi reign, the highly regarded thinker Huang Zongxi was allowed to go upstairs to read all the books and wrote the "Tianyi Pavilion Collection Secretary." Since then, Tianyi Pavilion has added a rule that can be opened to real college students.

In 1772, Emperor Qianlong began to compile the Siku Quanshu. Fan Qin's eighth-generation Sun Fanzhu Zhu Jinxian collected 638 books, of which 96 were included in the "Siku Quanshu". Qianlong praised the Fan family many times, and asked to build a collection of books in Beijing and Hangzhou, following the architectural pattern of the Tianyi Pavilion, to collect the newly revised "Siku Quanshu". Since then, Tianyi Pavilion has become famous.

As long as it is a wise man, it will produce a hope for books for this nation. They understand that only books can make such a long history a cable, can this cohesion of such a large race, and can such a vast land endure civilization.
——Yu Qiuyu's "One Pavilion in Rainy Weather"

Cultural conscience based on sound personality, or conversely, sound personality based on cultural conscience. Without this kind of thing, he would not be so determined to attach importance to ordinary people and attach importance to ordinary people.
——Yu Qiuyu's "One Pavilion in Rainy Weather"

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